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Table 1 Distributions of risk factors for coronary heart disease or stroke among 11,404 adults resident in Perth, Western Australia who responded to the Health and Wellbeing Survey 2003-2009

From: The association between neighborhood greenness and cardiovascular disease: an observational study

  N (%)
Coronary heart disease or stroke
 Ever diagnosed 1,415 (12)
 Hospitalized 367 (3)
Sex  
 Female 6,682 (59)
 Male 4,724 (41)
Age
 25–47 years 3,660 (32)
 48–63 years 3,899 (34)
 64 years and over 3,847 (34)
Highest attained level of education
 Less than year 10 962 (9)
 Year 10 or 11 2,227 (20)
 Year 12 1,212 (11)
 TAFEa/Trade qualification 3,977 (36)
 Tertiary degree 2,576 (24)
Household Income
 Less than $20,000 2,052 (20)
 $20,001–40,000 2,434 (23)
 $40,001–$60,000 1,667 (16)
 $60,001–$80,000 1,497 (14)
 More than $80,000 2,793 (27)
Healthcare card
 No 6,243 (59)
 Yes 4,305 (41)
Number of serves of vegetables per day
 Less than one serve 591 (5)
 One serve 1,410 (12)
 Two serves 2,687 (24)
 Three serves 2,678 (24)
 Four serves 2,191 (19)
 Five serves 1,207 (11)
 Six or more serves 612 (5)
Number of serves of fruit per day
 Less than one serve 1,875 (16)
 One serve 3,046 (27)
 Two serves 3,871 (34)
 Three serves 1,794 (16)
 Four or more serves 809 (7)
Number of sessions of high-risk alcohol consumption in the last 4 weeks b
 Never 6,202 (75)
 Once 527 (6)
 Twice 517 (6)
 Three to four times 505 (6)
 Five times or more 569 (7)
Smoking
 Current smoker or previously smoked 4,931 (43)
 Never smoked 6,474 (57)
Total minutes of walking (transport or recreation)
 None 3,021 (26)
 1 to 90 minutes/week 3,021 (26)
 91 to 200 minutes/week 2,278 (20)
 More than 200 minutes/week 2,640 (23)
Body Mass Index (BMI) c
 Underweight (BMI < 18.5) 204 (2)
 Normal weight (BMI 18.5–24.9) 4,523 (42)
 Overweight (BMI 25–29.9) 4,004 (37)
 Obese (BMI ≥ 30) 2,157 (20)
Diabetes ever diagnosed
 No 10,537 (95)
 Yes 498 (5)
High cholesterol ever diagnosed
 No 7,273 (76)
 Yes 2,291 (24)
High blood pressure ever diagnosed
 No 8,371 (75)
 Yes 2,839 (25)
Length of main road in 400m d service area e (metres) Median 0
  Range 0–3,898
Level of Greenness in 1600 m service area (Mean NDVI) Median 0.081
  Range −0.059–0.337
Variability of Greenness in 1600 m service area (SD NDVI) Median 0.103
  Range 0.048–0.205
  1. a. TAFE: Technical and Further Education.
  2. b. Men: >6 drinks; Women: >4 drinks. Categorized by the WA Department of Health.
  3. c. Categorized according to WHO Technical Report Series 894 [16].
  4. d. Distances are specified in metres(m): 400 m = 437yards, 1600 m = 1750 yards.
  5. e. Main roads defined as >6000 vehicles/day.