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Table 2 Distribution of outcome variables by gender

From: Association between stigma, depression and quality of life of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLHA) in South India – a community based cross sectional study

Variables Male Female Total P-Value
  N % N % N %  
Personalized Stigma        
None/Moderate 141 75.0 144 67.9 285 71.2 0.119
Severe 47 25.0 68 32.1 115 28.8  
Negative Self image        
None/Moderate 128 68.1 150 71.1 278 69.7 0.515
Severe 60 31.9 61 28.9 121 30.3  
Perceived Public Attitude        
None/Moderate 143 76.1 184 86.8 327 81.8 0.006
Severe 45 23.9 28 13.2 73 18.2  
Disclosure Concerns        
None/Moderate 137 72.9 159 75.0 296 74.0 0.628
Severe 51 27.1 53 25.0 104 26.0  
Overall Stigma        
None/Moderate 143 76.1 148 70.1 291 72.9 0.184
Severe 45 23.9 63 29.9 108 27.1  
Depression        
Severe 22 11.7 26 12.3 48 12.0 0.863
Others 166 88.3 186 87.7 352 88.0  
Quality of Life        
Physical Domain        
Poor 83 44.1 87 41.0 170 42.5 0.530
Others 105 55.9 125 59.0 230 57.5  
Psychological Domain        
Poor 68 36.2 92 43.4 160 40.0 0.141
Others 120 63.8 120 56.6 240 60.0  
Social Domain        
Poor 89 47.3 116 54.7 205 51.2 0.141
Others 99 52.7 96 45.3 195 48.8  
Environment        
Poor 65 34.6 71 33.5 136 34.0 0.819
Others 123 65.4 141 66.5 264 66.0  
Overall Quality of Life        
Poor 67 35.6 69 32.5 136 34.0 0.515
Others 121 64.4 143 67.5 264 66.0  
Social Support        
Low 80 42.6 84 39.6 164 41.0 0.530
Moderate 60 31.9 79 37.3 139 34.8  
High 48 25.5 49 23.1 97 24.2  
Are you a member of any association        
Yes 78 41.5 106 50.0 184 46.0 0.088
No 110 58.5 106 50.0 216 54.0