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Table 1 Levels and trends of infant and child mortality by selected characteristics

From: In search for an explanation to the upsurge in infant mortality in Kenya during the 1988–2003 period

  1988-1995 *Cases =3115 1996-2003 *Cases = 2150 % change 1988-2003
Mother’s Age    
< 20 years 74.9 87.2 16.4
20- 34 51.4 73.6 43.2
35+ 77.6 90.6 16.8
Baby size at birth    
Small 86.2 97.2 12.8
Av./Large 53.7 73.6 37.1
Preceding Birth Interval    
<24 months 76.7 130.8 70.5
25-36 51.5 72.5 40.8
37+ 47.1 67 42.3
Breastfeeding Period    
<10 months 108.8 264.3 142.9
10-19 months 1.6 7.9 393.8
>20 months 92.9 1.5 −98.4
Maternal education    
None 59 95.2 61.4
Primary 69.5 85.4 22.9
Sec+ 40.1 54 34.7
Paternal Education    
None 81.5 104.9 28.7
Primary 63.4 87.8 38.5
Sec+ 47.1 61.2 29.9
Ethnicity    
Kalenjin 38.4 50.3 31.0
Kamba 43.1 75.9 76.1
Kikuyu 27.5 62.6 127.6
Kisii 64.1 37 −42.3
Luhya 53.5 92.3 72.5
Luo 142.9 79.5 −44.4
Other tribes 59.8 105.6 76.6
Household wealth    
Lower 42.1 75.6 79.6
Middle 56.5 80.1 41.8
Upper 79.4 62.3 −21.5
Place of delivery    
Home 68.8 83.4 21.2
Government Health facility 53.1 84 58.2
Private Health Facility 33.7 54.7 62.3
Tetanus Toxoid    
No 105.1 63.9 −39.2
Yes 54.4 53.6 −1.5
  1. Notes: Primary analysis of merged KDHS 1993, 1998 & 2003. * Some variables do not add up to these figures because of missing cases. Preceding birth intervals include second and higher order births alone.
  2. Source: Primary analysis of the merged KDHS dataset 1993–2003.