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Table 3 Characteristics of patients with GUD attending government clinics in Lusaka, Zambia

From: Risk factors, healthcare-seeking and sexual behaviour among patients with genital ulcers in Zambia

  Overall no. of patients (%) Males n (%) Females n (%) p-value
Age Mean, in years (SD) 28.18 (7.4) 29.35 (7.5) 27.01 (7.2) 0.013
Education: (n = 201)     0.002
Primary / no education 84 (41.8 ) 31 (31) 53 (52.5)  
Secondary / tertiary 117 (58.2 ) 69 (69) 48 (47.5)  
Duration of ulcer     0.638
1–6 days 61 (30.8) 28 (28) 33 (30.8)  
1–2 weeks 55 (27.8) 31 (31) 24 (27.8)  
more than 2 weeks 19 (9.6) 11 (11) 8 (9.6)  
more than 1 month 16 (8.1) 9 (9) 7 (8.1)  
more than 2 months 47 (23.7) 21 (21) 26 (23.7)  
When last did you have an ulcer? (n = 96)     0.842
Last 3 months 41 (42.7) 21 (40.4) 20 (45.5)  
Last 6 months 19 (19.8) 12 (23.1) 7 (15.9)  
Last 1 year 10 (10.4) 5 (9.6) 5 (11.4)  
More than 1 year 26 (27.1) 14 (26.9) 12 (27.3)  
Partner aware of your genital ulcer (n = 195)     0.240
Yes 113 (57.9) 51 (53.7) 62 (62.0)  
No 82 (42.1) 44 (46.3) 38 (38.0)  
Knowledge on cause of genital ulcers (n = 184)     0.008
Have knowledge 90 (48.9) 55 (58.5) 35 (38.9)  
Do not have knowledge 94 (51.1) 39 (41.5) 55 (61.1)  
Aware of their HIV status (n = 125)     0.076
Yes 73 (58.4) 29 (50.0) 44 (65.7)  
No 52 (41.6) 29 (50.0) 23 (34.3)  
HIV Status (n = 128)     0.730
Positive 63 (49.2) 32 (47.8) 31 (50.8)  
Negative 65 (50.8) 35 (52.2) 30 (49.2)  
Sought treatment previously for present ulcer (n = 177)     0.727
Yes 101 (57.1) 52 (57.8) 49 (56.3)  
No 76 (42.9) 38 (42.2) 38 (43.7)  
Where (n = 101)     0.07
Government hospital/health centre 70 (69.3) 31 (59.6) 39 (79.6)  
Private hospital/health centre 16 (15.8) 12 (23.1) 4 (8.2)  
Traditional healer 15 (14.9) 9 (17.3) 6 (12.2)  
Sex since onset of symptoms     0.950
No 82 (42.9) 41 (43.2) 41 (42.7)  
Yes 109 (57.1) 54 (56.8) 55 (57.3)  
Condom-use since ulcer developed     0.071
Always 21(15.0) 12 (17.0) 9 (13.0)  
Sometimes 41 (28.0) 16 (22.6) 25 (33.3)  
Never 123 (57.0) 65 (60.4) 58 (53.7)  
  1. GUD Genital Ulcer Disease.
  2. SD Standard deviation.