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Table 2 Unadjusted and adjusted Odds ratios for experience of PIPV by different characteristics

From: Problem drinking and physical intimate partner violence against women: evidence from a national survey in Uganda

  Unadjusted Adjusted1 Wald’s test:
Variable OR 95%CI OR 95%CI Chi-sq p-values
Problem drinking (base = never)      
 Drinks but doesn’t get drunk 0.94 0.61–1.46 1.00 0.64–1.57 Chi-sq = 160 df = 3
 Sometimes 2.50 1.99–3.15*** 2.56 2.01–3.26*** <0.001
 Often 6.00 4.50–7.88*** 5.94 4.43–7.97***  
Age group (base = 15–24)      
 2534 1.50 1.19–1.90** 1.32 1.03–1.70* Chi-sq = 5 df = 3
 35–44 1.53 1.17–2.00** 1.25 0.93–1.66 0.15
 45+ 1.28 0.87–1.88 1.06 0.70–1.60  
Education level (base = none)      
 Primary 1.08 0.86–1.35    
 Secondary 0.48 0.34–0.68***    
 Tertiary 0.33 0.17–0.66**    
Residence (Base = urban)      
 Rural 1.70 1.29–2.24***    
Marital status (married)      
 Living together 0.75 0.59–0.96*    
 Widowed/divorced 0.92 0.62–1.37    
 Not living together 1.41 1.00–1.98*    
Region (base Central)      
 Kampala 0.76 0.50–1.16 1.24 0.77–2.02 Chi-sq = 17 df = 4
 Eastern 1.82 1.36–2.46*** 1.73 1.25–2.41** 0.002
 Northern 1.58 1.19–2.09** 1.03 0.73–1.45  
 Western 1.70 1.26–2.29*** 1.45 1.05–2.00*  
Religion (base = Catholic)      
 Protestant 0.94 0.75–1.17    
 Muslim 0.44 0.32–9.63***    
 Other 0.61 0.45–0.82**    
Occupation (base = none)      
 Professional/clerical 1.19 0.76–1.88    
 Agriculture/self employed 2.07 1.43–3.01***    
 Manual 2.45 1.49–4.02***    
 Others 2.55 1.49–4.36**    
Wealth status (base = poorest)      
 Poorer 0.89 0.67–1.18 1.11 0.81–1.51 Ch-sq = 12 df = 4
 Middle 0.80 0.60–1.08 0.92 0.65–1.32 0.016
 Richer 0.82 0.61–1.10 1.05 0.74–1.50  
 Richest 0.41 0.30–0.55*** 0.60 0.40–0.89*  
Education level of partner (base = none)      
 Primary 1.08 0.86–1.34    
 Secondary 0.48 0.34–0.68***    
 Tertiary 0.33 0.17–0.66**    
Occupation of partner (base = Prof/clerical)      
 Sales 1.51 0.96–2.36    
 Agriculture-self employed 1.89 1.31–2.74**    
 Manual 1.36 0.90–2.06    
 Others (agric/domestic/services) 1.54 0.98–2.42    
Fitness of model      
 % of observations correctly classified    65%   
 Pearson’s Goodness of fit test p-value    0.72   
  1. NB: When education replaced wealth status in final model it had chi.sq of 23 with a p < 0.001.
  2. 1Adjusted Odds ratios were derived from a final multivariate model. Several variables that were not significant were eliminated from the model.