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Table 1 Underlying causes of death among violent offenders, victims, and individuals who were both victims and violent offenders among 48,834 Swedish conscripts

From: Mortality and causes of death among violent offenders and victims-a Swedish population based longitudinal study

  Violent offenders
N = 2,139
Victims
N = 500
Offenders
and victims
N = 235
Others
N = 45,960
  Death cases
n = 274
Death cases
n = 78
Death cases
n = 52
Death cases
n = 2,267
  n % n % n % n %
Accidents*#, N = 420 33 12.4 9 11.5 4 7.7 374 16.5
Undetermined suicide*, N = 62 13 4.7 1 1.3 1 1.9 47 2.1
Completed suicide*, N = 425 43 15.7 10 12.8 6 11.5 366 16.1
Alcohol-relateda, N = 455 95 34.7 29 37.2 20 38.4 311 13.7
Drug-related,**) N = 32 15 5.5 2 2.6 3 5.7 32 1.4
Circulatory disease*, N = 400 34 12.4 11 14.1 7 13.5 348 15.4
Neoplasm*, N = 560 28 10.2 7 9.0 3 5.8 522 23.0
Other causesab, N = 297 13 4.7 9 11.5 8 15.4 267 11.8
  1. a) 36 participants comorbid with drug misuse
  2. b) Other causes were: respiratory disease (n = 45), digestive problems (n = 47), endocrine problems (n = 55), a nervous system disorder (n = 57), infection (n = 20), and other diseases (n = 63)
  3. *) Death cases due to accidents, suicide, circulatory, neoplasm, and other causes with also alcohol or drug-related diagnoses were excluded
  4. **) Illicit narcotics-related
  5. *#) Death cases due to accidents were: violence (n = 32), fall (n = 28), traffic (n = 257), other injuries (n = 103)
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