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Table 3 Lifestyle-related variables among Saudi adolescents stratified by sex and waist to height ratio (WHtR) categories

From: Lifestyle factors associated with overweight and obesity among Saudi adolescents

Variable Male Female
WHtR < 0.5 WHtR ≥ 0.5 WHtR < 0.5 WHtR ≥ 0.5
Age (years) b 16.7
± 1.1
16.8
± 1.1
16.5
± 1.0
16.5
± 1.1
Weight (kg) a, b, c, d 58.8
± 10.9
89.8
± 18.5
51.7
± 9.8
72.2
± 16.7
Height (cm) a, b, d 168.1
± 7.3
168.8
± 6.8
156.9
± 5.7
156.0
± 6.3
BMI (kg/m2) a,b, c, d 20.8
± 3.4
31.4
± 5.7
20.9
± 3.7
29.6
± 6.3
Waist circumference (cm) b, c, d 70.3
± 7.5
96.5
± 10.9
67.7
± 6.3
88.9
± 12.8
Waist to height ratio b, c, d 0.418
± 0.04
0.572
± 0.06
0.432
± 0.04
0.570
± 0.08
Screen time (television viewing and computer use) hour/day b 5.32
± 3.3
5.32
± 3.2
6.59
± 3.5
6.56
± 3.7
METs-min/week of moderate–intensity physical activity b 1005.1
± 1086.1
991.9
± 1086.2
734.3
± 861.7
799.1
± 912.2
METs-min/week of vigorous-intensity physical activity a, b, c, d 2366.5
± 2454.7
1763.9
± 2066.5
573.7
± 930.2
515.1
± 753.7
Total METs-min/week a, b, c, d 3266.2
± 3034.5
2659.1
± 2670.6
1210.3
± 1447.5
1224.7
± 1387.9
Breakfast consumption a, b, c (frequency/week) 3.89
± 2.7
3.39
± 2.7
3.47
± 2.6
2.85
± 2.5
Vegetable consumption (frequency/week) a 3.78
± 2.4
3.58
± 2.3
3.68
± 2.4
3.53
± 2.3
Fruit consumption
(frequency/week) a,b
3.30
± 2.3
3.19
± 2.2
2.52
± 2.1
2.53
± 2.2
Milk/diary product intake a, b, c (frequency/week) 4.47
± 2.4
4.92
± 2.5
3.73
± 2.5
3.49
± 2.5
Sugar-sweetened drinks a, b, c (frequency/week) 4.80
± 2.4
4.65
± 2.4
4.34
± 2.4
4.02
± 2.3
Fast food intake b
(frequency/week)
2.94
± 1.9
2.82
± 2.0
2.66
± 1.8
2.54
± 1.9
French fries/potato chip intake b, c (frequency/week) 2.49
± 2.1
2.47
± 2.0
2.93
± 2.0
2.61
± 2.0
Cake/donut intake b, c
(frequency/week)
2.52
± 2.1
2.35
± 2.0
2.84
± 2.1
2.51
± 1.9
Sweet intake (frequency/week) b, c, d 3.14
± 2.3
2.87
± 2.3
4.14
± 2.3
3.49
± 2.2
Energy drink intake b
(frequency/week)
1.49
± 2.1
1.65
± 2.3
0.89
± 1.7
0.88
± 1.7
  1. Data are means and standards deviations, and were analyzed by ANCOVA controlling for age.
  2. a p < 0.05 for the effect of age.
  3. b p < 0.05 for the main effect of sex.
  4. c p < 0.05 for the main effect of WHtR category.
  5. d p < 0.05 for the effect of the interaction sex × WHtR category.