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Table 5 Inequalities in smoking and overweight in European countries between low and high educational groups

From: Socioeconomic inequalities in mortality from conditions amenable to medical interventions: do they reflect inequalities in access or quality of health care?

Country Smoking* Overweight Smoking-related deaths Alcohol-related deaths
  OR (CI95) OR (CI95) RR (CI95) RR (CI95)
Western Europe     
Belgium 1.51 (1.45–1.58) 1.51 (1.45–1.57) 1.72 (1.68–1.77) 1.44 (1.33–1.56)
Switzerland NA NA NA NA
Nordic countries     
Sweden 1.26 (1.13–1.40) 0.96 (0.87–1.05) 1.33 (1.31–1.35) 1.78 (1.72–1.84)
Finland 1.29 (1.12–1.36) 1.07 (1.02–1.13) 1.78 (1.73–1.84) 1.67 (1.61–1.74)
Denmark 1.45 (1.35–1.56) 1.25 (1.16–1.34) 1.42 (1.38–1.46) 1.32 (1.25–1.39)
Norway 1.43 (1.25–1.64) 0.95 (0.83–1.09) 1.57 (1.53–1.63) 1.76 (1.65–1.89)
Southern Europe     
Italy 1.08 (1.05–1.11) 1.51 (1.45–1.57) 1.21 (1.16–1.27) 2.31 (1.63–3.47)
Spain 1.21 (1.13–1.29) NA 1.43 (1.37–1.49) 1.87 (1.42–2.47)
Baltic region     
Estonia 1.27 (1.11–1.45) 0.95 (0.83–1.08) 1.64 (1.54–1.74) 1.88 (1.70–2.07)
Lithuania 1.48 (1.35–1.62) 1.03 (0.95–1.08) 2.21 (2.09–2.34) 2.78 (2.53–3.07)
Central and Eastern Europe     
Slovenia 1.40 (1.09–1.81) 1.11 (0.86–1.42) 1.52 (1.47–1.58) 2.41 (2.26–2.57)
Poland NA NA NA NA
Czech Republic 1.86 (1.62–2.12) 1.27 (1.12–1.14) 2.41 (2.34–2.47) 2.69 (2.52–2.87)
Hungary 1.88 (1.72–2.05) 1.21 (1.12–1.32) 2.09 (2.04–2.14) 2.27 (2.19–2.33)
  1. *Smoking= current regular smoking and occasional smoking, Overweight=body mass index > 25.
  2. † OR (CI95)=odds ratio with 95% confidence interval adjusted for age and sex.
  3. ‡Smoking related death are chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and cancer of the buccal cavity, pharynx, oesophagus, larynx, trachea, bronchus, and lung.
  4. Alcohol related deaths are accidental poisoning by alcohol and alcoholic psychosis, dependence, abuse, cardiomyopathy, cirrhosis of the liver and inflammation of the pancreas.
  5. For Switzerland and Poland no survey data were available (NA).