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Table 3 Bivariate Predictor Variables for US Rural Adults Consuming at Least Five Fruit and Vegetable Servings Daily 2009 BRFSS

From: A cross-sectional study of US rural adults’ consumption of fruits and vegetables: do they consume at least five servings daily?

Covariates and Factors Unadjusted Odds Ratio (95% CI)
Gender (Male vs. Female) .964 (.963, .965)
Children in Household (No Children In Household vs. At Least 1 Child In Household) 1.141 (1.139,1.142)
Marital Status (Married Or Living With Partner vs. Unmarried/ Not Living With A Partner) 1.130 (1.128, 1.131)
Household Income (<$35,000 vs. ≥$35,000) 1.297 (1.295, 1.299)
Health Status (Good to Excellent vs. Fair to Poor) .869 (.868, .871)
Have Health Insurance (Yes vs. No) .891 (.890, .893)
Health Care Provider (Have HCP vs. Do Not Have HCP) 1.084 (1.082, 1.086)
Medical Care Deferment (Deferred Care Because of Cost vs. Did Not Defer Care) 1.059 (1.057, 1.060)
Routine Check-Up (Within Past 12 Months vs. Longer Than 12 Months Ago) .903 (.902, .904)
Physical Activity (Getting At Least Moderate Physical Activity vs. Inactive) .998 (.997, .999)
Contingency Table Percentages*
Covariate and Factors Rural** Non-Rural***
Race/Ethnicity Caucasian 81.3% 67.3%
  African American 5.3% 10.3%
  Hispanic 6.9% 13.3%
  Other/Multiracial 6.6% 9.1%
Age Ranges 18-34 Years 26.9% 28.3%
  35-64 Years 49.4% 52.7%
  > = 65 Years 23.7% 19.0%
Education <High School 8.6% 8.3%
  Completed High School 58.2% 47.0%
  College Graduate 33.3% 44.7%
BMI Categories BMI < 25 36.8% 42.0%
  BMI 25- < 30 35.9% 35.0%
  BMI > =30 27.3% 23.0%
  1. ** 8,983,840.
  2. *** 43,275,949.
  3. * In all instances column proportions differ significantly from each other by chi-square test at the .05 level.