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Table 3 Results of the multiple binary logistic regression analysis with Binge Drinking as dependent variable

From: Predictors of binge drinking in adolescents: ultimate and distal factors - a representative study

Variables* Regression Co-efficient Beta (β) Standard Error Wald p-value Odds Ratio 95% Confidence Interval for OR
       Lower Value Upper Value
Parental Acknowledgment of success .012 .005 5.536 .019 1.012 1.002 1.023
Parental warmth in childhood .002 .001 3.571 .059 1.002 1.000 1.004
Parental separation# .129 .025 27.173 <.001 1.137 1.084 1.194
Cultural communication in the family -.035 .004 68.794 <.001 .966 .958 .974
Number of friends .067 .002 1134.215 <.001 1.069 1.065 1.073
Deviant behavior in one's group of friends .099 .006 264.020 <.001 1.104 1.091 1.117
Assimilated behavior in one's group of friends -.010 .006 2.299 .129 .990 .978 1.003
Smoking parents# .080 .023 12.574 <.001 1.084 1.037 1.133
Neighborhood cohesion .026 .003 69.966 <.001 1.026 1.020 1.033
Neighborhood safety .044 .005 95.539 <.001 1.045 1.036 1.054
Living on welfare# -.446 .040 126.881 <.001 .640 .592 .692
Violence level in school -.013 .008 2.595 .107 .987 .972 1.003
Willingness of teachers to intervene during violent conflicts .039 .007 28.532 <.001 1.040 1.025 1.055
Violence at school: aggressive behavior of teachers .231 .023 98.496 <.001 1.260 1.204 1.319
Voluntary non-profit activities .072 .013 29.762 <.001 1.074 1.047 1.102
Religiosity -.292 .010 801.239 <.001 .747 .732 .762
School commitment -.096 .008 153.245 <.001 .909 .895 .923
Social integration in school .145 .008 296.640 <.001 1.156 1.137 1.175
Social desirability/Conventional values -.002 .012 .039 .843 .998 .975 1.021
Planned school leaving certificate .013 .015 .727 .394 1.013 .983 1.044
Absenteeism/Truancy# .323 .023 188.998 <.001 1.381 1.319 1.446
ADHD# -.003 .043 .004 .951 .997 .916 1.086
Risk-taking behavior .109 .004 737.495 <.001 1.115 1.106 1.124
School grades (average)§ .170 .016 108.786 <.001 1.185 1.148 1.224
Self-esteem -.012 .004 10.624 .001 .988 .980 .995
Mental well-being/mood -.013 .004 8.097 .004 .987 .979 .996
School anxiety -.012 .004 11.787 .001 .988 .981 .995
Suicidal thoughts .264 .014 378.473 <.001 1.303 1.268 1.338
Mandatory repetition of school year# .288 .027 111.281 <.001 1.333 1.264 1.407
Constant -3.449 .144 577.190 <.001 .032   
  1. *excluded because of multicollinearity: parental control/supervision in adolescence; number of delinquent friends; hedonistic reasons for absenteeism/truancy
  2. # Variable coding for dichotomous variables: 0 = no; 1 = yes
  3. § Grades in the German school system: 1 = "very good" through 6 = "not sufficient"