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Table 6 Factors associated with Quality of Life (WHOQoL) stratified by HIV category, rural South Africa 2010

From: An investigation of factors associated with the health and well-being of HIV-infected or HIV-affected older people in rural South Africa

  HIV-Infected HIV-Affected
  Unadjusted Adjusted Unadjusted Adjusted
  OR [95% CI] aOR [95% CI] OR [95% CI] aOR [95% CI]
Sex     
Male 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Female 0.53 [0.29–0.96] 0.40 [0.21–0.79] 0.75 [0.35–1.60] 0.88 [0.34–2.28]
Age group     
50–59 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
60–69 1.20 [0.64–2.26] 1.47 [0.67–3.25] 1.06 [0.53–2.09] 0.96 [0.45–2.04]
70+ 0.76 [0.24–2.43] 0.26 [0.07–1.01] 0.63 [0.31–1.25] 0.62 [0.26–1.50]
Marital Status     
Never married 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Married 1.66 [0.91–3.03] 1.73 [0.80–3.73] 2.54 [1.22–5.28] 2.39 [1.02–5.61]
Previously married 0.39 [0.17–0.92] 0.32 [0.13–0.80] 0.85 [0.34–2.16] 0.97 [0.37–2.57]
Household Head     
Self 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Spouse 0.89 [0.46–1.70] 0.70 [0.33–1.49] 1.21 [0.64–2.29] 0.86 [0.34–2.16]
Other 0.94 [0.45–1.99] 0.98 [0.40–2.45] 0.78 [0.38–1.62] 1.28 [0.53–3.11]
Education level     
NFE/AEO 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
6 years or less 1.20 [0.64–2.25] 1.15 [0.59–2.25] 2.29 [1.23–4.25] 1.59 [0.81–3.12]
More than 6 years 1.31 [0.67–2.56] 0.69 [0.33–1.46] 2.71 [1.17–6.27] 2.24 [0.91–5.52]
Source of income     
None 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Other 4.92 [1.84–3.15] 6.81 [2.04–2.73] 3.07 [0.60–15.61] 2.25 [0.33–15.13]
Grants 2.77 [1.41–5.46] 3.89 [1.56–9.70] 1.78 [0.53–6.00] 1.68 [0.31–9.03]
Wealth quintiles     
First 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Second 2.11 [0.93–4.75] 2.42 [1.02–5.76] 1.97 [0.83–4.68] 1.71 [0.68–4.33]
Third 1.83 [0.77–4.39] 2.40 [0.91–6.30] 2.39 [0.89–6.42] 1.91 [0.69–5.28]
Fourth 2.84 [1.33–6.09] 3.70 [1.45–9.45] 3.20 [1.21–8.42] 3.07 [1.04–9.11]
Fifth 3.38 [1.62–7.08] 3.85 [1.36–10.92] 3.13 [1.22–8.07] 2.20 [0.83–5.80]
Rural/urban     
Urban 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Rural 1.72 [0.76–3.91] 1.25 [0.50–3.10] 2.17 [1.31–3.60] 2.93 [1.44–5.98]
  1. aOR = Adjusted Odds Ratios; Adjusted for all covariates listed in the Table.
  2. NFE/AEO = No formal education or adult education only.
  3. Previously married = Separated, divorced and widowed participants.