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Table 3 Factors associated with health and well-being adjusted for HIV category, rural South Africa 2010

From: An investigation of factors associated with the health and well-being of HIV-infected or HIV-affected older people in rural South Africa

  Functional ability Quality of life Health state
  aOR(95%CI) aOR(95%CI) aOR(95%CI)
HIV category    
HIV-affected (via HIV-related adult child death) 1.00 1.00 1.00
HIV-affected (with HIV-infected child adult) 2.54(1.02–6.35) 2.52(1.13–5.61) 2.64(1.19–5.88)
HIV-infected 1.91(1.05–3.48) 1.81(1.02–3.19) 1.90(1.09–3.33)
Sex    
Male 1.00 1.00 1.00
Female 0.21(0.11–0.39) 0.76(0.41–1.41) 0.30(0.16–0.57)
Age group    
50–59 1.00 1.00 1.00
60–69 0.79(0.38–1.65) 1.76(0.85–3.64) 1.01(0.49–2.10)
70+ 0.19(0.10–0.37) 0.49(0.26–0.93) 0.24(0.13–0.47)
Marital Status    
Never Married 1.00 1.00 1.00
Married 0.83(0.46–1.49) 2.17(1.20–3.94) 1.26(0.74–2.17)
Previously Married 3.33(1.57–7.05) 0.67(0.34–1.35) 1.82(0.94–3.51)
Household Head    
Self 1.00 1.00 1.00
Spouse 1.21(0.60–2.44) 0.74(0.39–1.39) 1.05(0.53–2.08)
Other 0.95(0.54–1.70) 1.13(0.60–2.11) 1.05(0.61–1.78)
Education level    
NFE/AEO 1.00 1.00 1.00
6 years or less 1.47(0.88–2.45) 1.40(0.85–2.33) 1.46(0.86–2.45)
More than 6 years 3.38(1.72–6.65) 1.37(0.75–2.51) 2.49(1.37–4.55)
Source of income    
None 1.00 1.00 1.00
Other 1.33(0.44–3.99) 3.70(1.22–11.19) 2.34(1.01–5.43)
Grants 1.17(0.42–3.23) 2.33(0.93–5.79) 1.75(0.80–3.80)
Wealth quintiles    
First 1.00 1.00 1.00
Second 0.61(0.28–1.36) 1.65(0.84–3.23) 0.94(0.45–1.99)
Third 0.71(0.35–1.44) 1.65(0.79–3.42) 0.84(0.42–1.69)
Fourth 1.22(0.56–2.66) 2.56(1.24–5.31) 1.55(0.74–3.25)
Fifth 0.55(0.25–1.22) 2.28(1.08–4.78) 0.88(0.44–1.77)
Rural/urban    
Urban 1.00 1.00 1.00
Rural 3.00(1.06–8.47) 1.88(0.59–5.94) 2.51(0.74–8.50)
  1. aOR = Adjusted Odds Ratios; HIV category variable adjusted for all covariates listed in the Table. Each socio-economic variable adjusted for HIV plus the remaining covariates listed in the Table.
  2. NFE/AEO = No formal education or adult education only.
  3. Previously married = Separated, divorced and widowed participants.