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Table 4 Results of models including sense of contribution and bonding*

From: Association between psychological distress and a sense of contribution to society in the workplace

Variables Model 3** Model 4**
  OR (95% CI) p OR(95% CI) p
Sense of contribution to society    
Never 2.27 (1.11-4.65) 0.03 2.03 (0.91-4.49) 0.08
Rarely 1.42 (0.83-2.43) 0.21 1.59 (0.88-2.87) 0.12
Often 1.17 (0.70-1.94) 0.55 1.45 (0.83-2.51) 0.19
Always Ref   Ref  
P for trend = 0.02   P for trend = 0.09  
Sense of bonding with workplace    
Never 1.71 (0.83-3.54) 0.15 0.94 (0.42-2.11) 0.88
Rarely 1.90 (1.05-3.47) 0.04 1.14 (0.60-2.19) 0.69
Often 1.38 (0.79-2.42) 0.26 1.03 (0.56-1.89) 0.92
Always Ref   Ref  
  P for trend = 0.03   P for trend = 0.90  
Sex (female vs. male) 0.68 (0.50-0.95) 0.02 0.78 (0.55-1.11) 0.16
Age group     
20-29 years 2.82 (1.74-4.58) < 0.01 3.19 (1.87-5.44) < 0.01
30-39 years 1.40 (0.89-2.19) 0.15 1.20 (0.73-1.97) 0.48
40-49 years 1.99 (1.28-3.10) < 0.01 1.69 (1.04-2.73) 0.03
50-59 years Ref   Ref  
Job position (non-managerial vs. managerial) 1.01 (0.72-1.41) 0.96 1.07 (0.75 - 1.52) 0.73
Department     
Administration Ref   Ref  
Sales 0.90 (0.59-1.38) 0.63 1.02 (0.65-1.61) 0.93
System engineering 1.20 (0.68-2.12) 0.53 1.32 (0.71-2.44) 0.38
Support from supervisors    0.88 (0.81-0.95) < 0.01
Support from co-workers    0.98 (0.89-1.08) 0.67
Support from family    0.84 (0.77-0.92) < 0.01
Quantitative workload    1.07 (0.99-1.15) 0.10
Qualitative workload    1.19 (1.09-1.31) < 0.01
Job control latitude   0.84 (0.77-0.91) < 0.01
  1. *Results are based on multiple logistic regression analysis of models 3 and 4 including both senses of contribution to society and bonding with the workplace as explanatory variables.
  2. **All adjusted variables are shown in the above table.
  3. OR- odds ratio, CI- confidence interval.