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Table 3 Prevalence ratios (PR) and confidence intervals (95%) for non-communicable disease symptoms in an adult (≥ 18 years) population of Burkina Faso (WHS 2003).

From: Heavy burden of non-communicable diseases at early age and gender disparities in an adult population of Burkina Faso: world health survey

  Joint Disease Back Pain Angina Pectoris Asthma
  Crude model Full model Crude model Full model Crude model Full model Crude model Full model
Gender (reference category = Men)
Women 1.20*
[1.01;1.43]
1.18
[1.00;1.40]
1.42*
[1.21;1.66]
1.27*
[1.09;1.47]
1.68*
[1.39;2.04]
1.64*
[1.39;1.94]
1.28
[0.99;1.65]
1.34*
[1.05;1.70]
Age (reference category = 18-24 years old)
25-34   1.44*
[1.11;1.87]
  1.61*
[1.27;2.04]
  1.60*
[1.23;2.07]
  1.58
[1.14;2.20]
35-44   1.73*
[1.29;2.33]
  2.57*
[2.00;3.30]
  2.37*
[1.75;3.22]
  2.40*
[1.58;3.64]
45-54   2.38*
[1.80;3.15]
  3.18*
[2.35;4.30]
  2.55*
[1.81;3.60]
  2.65*
[1.67;4.22]
55-64   3.15*
[2.04;4.86]
  3.57*
2.61;4.88]
  3.07*
[2.14;4.39]
  3.05*
[1.85;5.03]
65 and older   3.26*
[2.19;4.85]
  4.70*
[3.60;6.13]
  2.82*
[2.09;3.80]
  2.83*
[1.87;4.29]
Setting (reference category = Rural)
Urban   1.17
[0.83;1.66]
  1.04
[0.85;1.27]
  1.31*
[1.01;1.71]
  1.13
[0.81;1.68]
Marital status (reference category = Married)
Widowed   1.13
[0.86;1.49]
  1.08
[0.92;1.26]
  1.34*
[1.09;1.65]
  1.51*
[1.15;1.97]
Separated/divorced/single   1.12
[0.80;1.61]
  0.74
[0.58;1.04]
  1.30
[0.93;1.81]
  1.42
[0.85;2.37]
Education (reference category = No formal education)
Some formal education   1.32
[0.97;1.78]
  1.08
[0.84;1.37]
  1.13
[0.80;1.59]
  1.48*
[1.04;2.09]
Annual household income (reference category = < PL/2)
≥ PL/2-< PL   1.05
[0.85;1.31]
  1.19*
[1.02;1.39]
  1.24*
[1.01;1.53]
  1.10
[0.84;1.44]
≥ PL-< 2 × PL   1.13
[0.81;1.58]
  1.13
[0.93;1.38]
  1.21
[0.96;1.52]
  1.22
[0.92;1.61]
≥ 2 × PL   1.18
[0.82;1.69]
  1.32*
[1.04;1.67]
  1.25
[0.93;1.68]
  1.33
[0.91;1.94]
  1. * = P < 0.05
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