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Table 3 Changes in adjusted 'utility' values (by age and gender) as the result of smoking profile*

From: Smoking and health-related quality of life in English general population: implications for economic evaluations

Smoking category Gender   16-24 25-34 35-54 45-54 55-64 65-74 75-100 16-24 25-34 35-54 45-54 55-64 65-74 75-100
Never smokers Men Mean 0.9522 0.9487 0.9244 0.8775 0.8163 0.7911 0.7441 0.9665 0.9688 0.9483 0.9022 0.8455 0.8212 0.7744
   SE 0.0036 0.0028 0.0025 0.0031 0.0043 0.0051 0.0052 0.0036 0.0028 0.0024 0.0031 0.0043 0.0050 0.0052
  Women Mean 0.9258 0.9146 0.9038 0.8646 0.7982 0.7852 0.7102 0.9433 0.9349 0.9257 0.8907 0.8293 0.8154 0.7411
   SE 0.0036 0.0027 0.0025 0.0029 0.0044 0.0048 0.0060 0.0035 0.0027 0.0025 0.0029 0.0044 0.0048 0.0060
Ex-occasional smokers Men Mean 0.9483 0.9431 0.9176 0.8704 0.8101 0.7868 0.7412 0.9627 0.9632 0.9414 0.8951 0.8393 0.8169 0.7715
   SE 0.0073 0.0067 0.0065 0.0067 0.0074 0.0079 0.0080 0.0073 0.0068 0.0066 0.0069 0.0075 0.0080 0.0081
  Women Mean 0.9225 0.9106 0.8991 0.8593 0.7930 0.7814 0.7079 0.9401 0.9309 0.9210 0.8854 0.8241 0.8116 0.7387
   SE 0.0071 0.0066 0.0064 0.0065 0.0072 0.0075 0.0084 0.0071 0.0067 0.0065 0.0066 0.0074 0.0076 0.0084
Ex-regular smokers Men Mean 0.9342 0.9306 0.9058 0.8596 0.8020 0.7802 0.7358 0.9485 0.9507 0.9296 0.8843 0.8312 0.8103 0.7661
   SE 0.0054 0.0047 0.0041 0.0042 0.0050 0.0059 0.0059 0.0053 0.0047 0.0041 0.0042 0.0050 0.0058 0.0058
  Women Mean 0.9084 0.8988 0.8872 0.8479 0.7827 0.7709 0.6987 0.9260 0.9191 0.9091 0.8740 0.8138 0.8012 0.7296
   SE 0.0053 0.0045 0.0041 0.0041 0.0051 0.0057 0.0067 0.0052 0.0044 0.0041 0.0041 0.0051 0.0057 0.0066
Light smokers Men Mean 0.9321 0.9266 0.9002 0.8526 0.7917 0.7684 0.7229 0.9464 0.9467 0.9241 0.8773 0.8209 0.7985 0.7532
   SE 0.0060 0.0057 0.0059 0.0063 0.0071 0.0077 0.0079 0.0060 0.0058 0.0059 0.0063 0.0072 0.0076 0.0079
  Women Mean 0.9063 0.8938 0.8814 0.8418 0.7748 0.7631 0.6896 0.9238 0.9141 0.9033 0.8679 0.8059 0.7934 0.7205
   SE 0.0060 0.0059 0.0059 0.0062 0.0071 0.0073 0.0082 0.0060 0.0059 0.0060 0.0062 0.0071 0.0073 0.0082
Moderate smokers Men Mean 0.9211 0.9166 0.8899 0.8422 0.7815 0.7575 0.7112 0.9354 0.9367 0.9137 0.8669 0.8107 0.7875 0.7415
   SE 0.0065 0.0062 0.0060 0.0063 0.0070 0.0079 0.0082 0.0065 0.0062 0.0061 0.0063 0.0070 0.0079 0.0082
  Women Mean 0.8952 0.8835 0.8716 0.8317 0.7648 0.7520 0.6778 0.9128 0.9038 0.8935 0.8578 0.7959 0.7822 0.7087
   SE 0.0065 0.0061 0.0060 0.0062 0.0070 0.0076 0.0087 0.0065 0.0061 0.0060 0.0062 0.0070 0.0076 0.0087
Heavy smokers Men Mean 0.9006 0.8971 0.8728 0.8259 0.7647 0.7395 0.6925 0.9149 0.9172 0.8967 0.8506 0.7939 0.7696 0.7228
   SE 0.0093 0.0091 0.0089 0.0090 0.0095 0.0103 0.0104 0.0093 0.0091 0.0089 0.0090 0.0095 0.0103 0.0104
  Women Mean 0.8742 0.8630 0.8522 0.8130 0.7466 0.7336 0.6586 0.8917 0.8833 0.8741 0.8391 0.7776 0.7638 0.6895
   SE 0.0097 0.0095 0.0093 0.0093 0.0097 0.0104 0.0110 0.0097 0.0095 0.0093 0.0093 0.0098 0.0103 0.0110
  1. *As predicted by the OLS model in the population with no limiting condition