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Table 3 Odds ratio of mother to child transmission (N = 702)

From: Reducing mother-to-child transmission of HIV: findings from an early infant diagnosis program in south-south region of Nigeria

Variable Unadjusted OR(95% C.I) P-value Adjusted OR(95% C.I) p-value
Gender     
Female 1 0.21 1 0.17
Male 1.28(0.87-1.89)   1.36 (0.88-2.12)  
Age at 1 st PCR test     
≤ 6 weeks 1   1  
6 weeks-6 months 5.58 (2.61-11.95) < 0.01 1.87 (1.73-8.65) < 0.01
6-18 months 10.18 (4.69-22.06) < 0.01 3.77 (1.63-8.71) < 0.01
Facility location     
Urban 1   1  
Rural 1.03 (0.70-1.51) 0.90 1.02 (0.65-1.60) 0.93
Pharmacologic
Intervention
    
Mother & baby 1   1  
Mother only 1.68 (0.55-5.11) 0.36 1.54 (0.49-4.84) 0.46
Baby only 2.05 (0.74-5.68) 0.17 1.98 (0.69-5.65) 0.20
None 11.16 (6.78-18.35) < 0.01 7.76 (4.49-13.49) < 0.01
Infant feeding choices
reported at the time of 1 st
PCR test
    
Replacement 1   1  
Exclusive breastfeeding 0.84 (0.42-1.67) 0.62 0.95 (0.44-2.04) 0.90
Mixed feeding 3.38 (1.87-6.10) < 0.01 1.51 (0.77-2.95) 0.23