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Table 4 Participants' ratings of environmental variables (n = 821-827)

From: Exploring bikeability in a metropolitan setting: stimulating and hindering factors in commuting route environments

Variable Mean ± SD 15-point response scale
   1 15
Hinders or stimulates 9.16 ± 3.32 Hinders a lot Stimulates a lot
Exhaust fumes 9.91 ± 3.15 Very low Very high
Noise 9.62 ± 3.04 Very low Very high
Flow of motor vehicles 11.14 ± 3.34 Very low Very high
Speeds of motor vehicles 9.45 ± 2.83 Very low Very high
Speeds of bicyclists 9.17 ± 2.85 Very low Very high
Congestion: all types of vehicles 10.45 ± 3.30 Very low Very high
Congestion: bicyclists 8.93 ± 3.73 Very low Very high
Conflicts 8.27 ± 3.73 Very low Very high
Bicycle paths/lanes/roads 5.86 ± 2.87 0% 100%*
Traffic: unsafe or safe 8.53 ± 3.69 Very unsafe Very safe
Greenery 7.08 ± 4.02 Very low Very high
Ugly or beautiful 10.12 ± 3.28 Very ugly Very beautiful
Course of the route 6.99 ± 3.83 Very little Very much
Hilliness 5.10 ± 3.54 Very little Very much
Red lights 8.18 ± 4.31 Very little Very much
  1. *Percentage values have been transformed into an 11-point scale. Minimal value = 0 and maximal value = 10. For the questions associated with the variables, see Table 2