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Table 3 Mean visual analogue scale (VAS) and EQ-5D index score, by population characteristics*

From: Impact of genital warts on health related quality of life in men and women in mainland China: a multicenter hospital-based cross-sectional study

Variable No. % VAS EQ-5D index score**
    Mean SD Sig.# Mean SD Sig.#
Sex         
Male 612 45.1 69.0 21.3 < 0.001 0.864 0.130 < 0.001
Female 746 54.9 62.1 22.1   0.827 0.126  
Region         
North 372 27.4 66.6 25.0 < 0.001 0.866 0.135 < 0.001
Northeast 128 9.4 64.0 24.7   0.897 0.125  
Northwest 151 11.1 62.2 20.6   0.790 0.121  
Central 133 9.8 72.3 12.8   0.871 0.120  
Southwest 100 7.4 57.3 22.2   0.790 0.111  
South 135 9.9 66.1 18.6   0.823 0.134  
East 339 25.0 64.5 21.2   0.835 0.120  
Setting         
Urban 1,020 75.1 63.2 22.4 < 0.001 0.837 0.126 < 0.005
Rural 338 24.9 71.0 19.6   0.862 0.137  
Be married / living together       
Yes 941 69.3 65.0 22.2 > 0.05 0.844 0.130 > 0.05
No 417 30.7 65.5 21.6   0.843 0.128  
Education         
Middle school or lower 408 30.0 66.3 20.7 > 0.05 0.842 0.132 > 0.05
High school 499 36.7 66.1 22.0   0.843 0.130  
College or above 451 33.2 63.2 23.1   0.845 0.127  
Monthly income (Chinese Yuan) *       
< 1000 364 26.8 63.5 22.4 > 0.05 0.827 0.133 < 0.005
1000~ 422 31.1 66.8 21.3   0.838 0.124  
2000~ 223 16.4 65.8 22.8   0.852 0.131  
3000~ 347 25.6 64.5 22.0   0.860 0.128  
Any insurance coverage*        
Yes 432 31.8 65.8 21.8 > 0.05 0.842 0.129 > 0.05
No 925 68.1 65.0 22.0   0.844 0.131  
Frequently smoking        
Yes 301 22.2 68.2 21.2 < 0.01 0.860 0.131 < 0.05
No 1,057 77.8 64.3 22.2   0.839 0.129  
Number of lifetime sexual partners*       
1 612 45.1 63.8 22.7 > 0.05 0.852 0.132 > 0.05
2 318 23.4 65.3 21.9   0.839 0.128  
3 or more 421 31.0 67.0 21.0   0.834 0.126  
Clinical status        
First clinical visit for the initially occurred GW 1,032 76.0 65.7 21.8 > 0.05 0.853 0.129 < 0.001
Follow-up visit for the initially occurred GW 146 10.8 64.1 24.4   0.822 0.126  
Recurrent GW 180 13.3 63.9 21.0   0.804 0.124  
Single or multiple genital warts       
Single 356 26.2 68.0 21.2 < 0.01 0.869 0.127 < 0.001
Multiple 1,002 73.8 64.2 22.2   0.835 0.129  
  1. * Some data missing; ** Japanese preference weights applied; # One-way ANOVA analysis.