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Table 3 The Prevalence of the Metabolic Syndrome among children

From: Prevalence of the metabolic syndrome among children from six cities of China

  N MetS Abdominal
obesity
High TG
level
Low HDL-C
level
Elevated blood
pressure
High glucose
level
Children ≥ 10 years old
Total 2,647 0.8 15.1 5.0 5.8 2.6 2.7
aSex
   Boy 1,394 1.0 17.1 5.2 5.9 2.5 3.0
   Girl 1,253 0.6 12.9 4.7 5.7 2.7 2.5
abBMI status
   Normal weight 2,044 0.05** 1.2* 3.3** 4.0** 1.7** 2.5
   Overweight 330 0.9 37 6.1 10 4.2 3.3
   Obesity 273 6.6 93.4 16.5 14.3 7.3 4.0
abMother's educational level
   Low (illiterate) 28 3.6 17.9 14.3 7.1 0 0
   Middle (Primary or junior middle school) 1,138 0.8 12.3 5.1 5.9 2.2 2.4
   High (Senior middle school or above) 1,111 1.0 17.1 5.5 5.1 3.0 3.0
abFamily's economic level
(Yuan/month/per family member)
   ≤ 1,500 1,042 0.9 14.4 5.3 5.4 2.8 3.1
   1,501-2,500 617 1.3 14.6 5.5 6.8 2.4 1.8
   > 2,500 610 0.5 15.2 4.9 5.2 2.8 3.0
Children < 10 years old
Total 6,117 0.5 13.0 3.5 5.0 1.5 1.9
aSex
   Boy 3,101 0.5 13.6** 3.8 4.5 1.6 2.4**
   Girl 3,016 0.4 12.2 3.2 5.5 1.3 1.4
abBMI status
   Normal weight 4,813 0.04** 0.8** 2.6** 4.6** 0.7** 1.9
   Overweight 675 0.4 29.9 3.7 4.1 3.1 1.6
   Obesity 629 4.0 87.9 10.0 8.7 5.4 2.4
abMother's educational level
   Low (illiterate) 52 0 11.5 1.9 3.8 0 1.9
   Middle (Primary or junior middle school) 1,854 0.8 12.2 4.1 5.4 1.5 1.8
   High (Senior middle school or above) 2,276 0.5 15.9 3.2 4.7 1.8 2.2
abFamily's economic level
(Yuan/month/per family member)
   ≤ 1,500 1,808 0.5 14.7 3.8 5.3 1.3 1.6
   1,501-2,500 1,145 0.7 13.9 3.1 4.2 1.5 2.3
   > 2,500 1,171 0.7 14.3 3.5 5.6 2.2 2.6
  1. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, compared using generalized linear mixed model
  2. aAdjusted for age and puberty for comparison of different groups
  3. bAdjusted for sex and puberty for comparison of different groups
  4. abAdjusted for age, sex and puberty for comparison of different groups