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Table 4 Stepwise adjusted odds ratios (OR) of sports activity and total energy expenditure, men and women aged 18–79, by level of education

From: Physical activity patterns and socioeconomic position: the German National Health Interview and Examination Survey 1998 (GNHIES98)

  Sports ≥ 2 hours per week High energy expenditure
  Model 1a Final Model b Model 1a Final Model c
OR 95%CI OR 95%CI OR 95%CI OR 95%CI
Men (n=3301)     
Education     
  primary 1.0 1.0 4.3 (3.3-5.6) 1.5 (0.9-2.3)
  secondary 1.6 (1.3-2.0) 1.1 (0.9-1.5) 2.9 (2.2-3.8) 1.3 (0.9-2.0)
  tertiary 2.1 (1.7-2.7) 1.2 (0.8-1.8) 1.0 1.0
Occupation     
  low   1.0   1.5 (1.0-2.1)
  middle   1.1 (0.8-1.4)   1.5 (1.1-2.2)
  high   0.8 (0.6-1.2)   1.0
Income     
  low   1.0   1.2 (0.9-1.7)
  middle   1.6 (1.1-2.2)   1.2 (0.9-1.7)
  high   1.9 (1.4-2.6)   1.0
Women (n=3499)     
Education     
  primary 1.0 1.0 1.6 (1.2-2.1) 1.2 (0.7-2.0)
  secondary 1.3 (1.1-1.6) 1.0 (0.7-1.4) 1.6 (1.2-2.0) 1.2 (0.8-1.8)
  tertiary 1.7 (1.2-2.4) 0.9 (0.5-1.5) 1.0 1.0
Occupation     
  low   1.0   0.6 (0.4-1.0)
  middle   1.2 (0.9-1.8)   0.8 (0.5-1.1)
  high   1.8 (1.1-2.8)   1.0
Income     
  low   1.0   1.5 (0.9-2.3)
  middle   0.8 (0.6-1.2)   1.2 (0.8-1.8)
  high   0.9 (0.6-1.3)   1.0
  1. a Model adjusted for age groups and regional strata East/West Germany. b Adjusted as Model 1 and also for work activity, body mass index, perceived health, alcohol consumption c Adjusted as Model 1 and also for work activity, sitting time, body mass index, perceived health.