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Table 2 Descriptive characteristics of sexually active students in the past one year

From: A call for parental monitoring to improve condom use among secondary school students in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

  Total (n = 665) Male (n = 518) Female (n = 147) p-value
  n (%) n (%) n (%)  
Age (yrs)     
 < 20 years 327 (49.2) 243 (46.9) 84 (57.1) 0.04
 ≥ 20 years 338 (50.8) 275 (53.1) 63 (42.9)  
Secondary school class     
 Ordinary-level 105 (15.8) 71 (13.7) 34 (23.1) 0.01
 Advanced-level 560 (84.2) 447 (86.3) 113 (76.9)  
Religion     
 Christian 461 (69.3) 359 (69.3) 102 (69.4) 1.00
 Other 204 (30.7) 159 (30.7) 45 (30.6)  
Family structure     
 Both biological parents 317 (47.7) 256 (49.4) 61 (41.8) 0.20
 One biological parent 105 (15.8) 82 (15.8) 23 (15.8)  
 Other 242 (36.5) 180 (34.8) 62 (42.4)  
Father's or guardian's job     
 Employed 596 (94.8) 466 (95.1) 130 (93.5) 0.60
 Unemployed 33 (5.2) 24 (4.9) 9 (6.5)  
Wealth Index     
 Low 207 (31.1) 165 (31.9) 42 (28.6) 0.31
 Middle 231 (34.7) 184 (35.5) 47 (32.0)  
 High 227 (34.2) 169 (32.6) 58 (39.4)  
Alcohol use in the past one year     
 No 439 (66.0) 338 (65.3) 101 (68.7) 0.50
 Yes 226 (34.0) 180 (34.7) 46 (31.3)  
Drug use in the past one year     
 No 583 (87.7) 446 (86.1) 137 (93.2) 0.03
 Yes 82 (12.3) 72 (13.9) 10 (6.8)  
Cigarette use in the past one year     
 No 584 (87.8) 445 (85.9) 139 (94.6) 0.01
 Yes 81 (12.2) 73(12.1) 8 (5.4)  
Self-esteem a     
 Low 310 (46.8) 246 (47.6) 64 (43.8) 0.48
 High 353 (53.2) 271 (52.4) 82 (56.2)  
Parental monitoring a     
 Low 411 (61.8) 327 (63.1) 84 (57.1) 0.22
 High 254 (38.2) 191 (36.9) 63 (42.9)  
Parental communication a     
 Low 304 (45.7) 249 (48.1) 55 (37.4) 0.03
 High 361 (54.3) 269 (51.9) 92 (62.6)  
Delinquency a     
 Low 166 (25.0) 133 (25.7) 33 (22.8) 0.54
 High 497 (75.0) 385 (74.3) 112 (77.2)  
Perceived stress a     
 Low 251 (37.7) 196 (37.8) 55 (37.4) 1.00
 High 414 (62.3) 322 (62.2) 92 (62.6)  
School connectedness a     
 Low 324 (48.7) 255 (49.2) 69 (46.9) 0.69
 High 341 (51.3) 263 (50.8) 78 (53.1)  
  1. a Self-esteem, parental monitoring, parental communication, delinquency, perceived stress, and school connectedness were coded as low if the score was lower than median value.