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Table 5 Average 24-Hour Nutrient Intake among Patients with Wasting and Severe Disease Stratified by Sex

From: Low nutrient intake among adult women and patients with severe tuberculosis disease in Uganda: a cross-sectional study

Characteristic [mean, (SD)]c Wasted Pulmonary tuberculosis disease
  BMI Lean tissue mass Mild Moderate-severe
  Women (n=17) Men (n=18) Women (n=2) Men (n=18) Women (n=16) Men (n=8) Women (n=19) Men (n=20)
Energy (MJ) 5.81 (3.66) 8.87 (4.35)b 2.37 (0.44) 8.54 (4.29)b 7.49 (3.12) 12.83 (2.88)a 5.17 (3.04) 7.00 (2.80)b
Protein (g) 40.5 (25.6) 60.9 (44) 14.3 (1.8) 58.9 (44.5)b 57.5 (46.5) 96.6 (43.6)b 37.8 (23.7) 42.0 (17.7)
Total fat (g) 30.8 (41.0) 68.6 (53.6)a 8.7 (2.6) 63.2 (54.5) 45.4 (40.6) 94.0 (54.6)b 27.0 (24.1) 43.1 (34.6)
Carbohydrate (g) 248 (130) 316 (133) 112 (23) 310 (129)b 297 (108) 450 (114)b 218 (120) 284 (130)
Calcium (mg) 269 (361) 620 (1175) 105 (90) 616 (1177) 656 (1137) 1002 (1718) 259 (303) 356 (381)
Magnesium (mg) 208 (243) 300 (238) 30 (17) 306 (240)b 238 (195) 460 (280)b 218 (233) 221 (105)
Zinc (mg) 5.3 (4.7) 7.6 (5.2) 1.1 (0.5) 7.4 (5.2)b 5.1 (3.2) 11.5 (5.3)b 5.1 (4.3) 5.5 (2.2)
Iron (mg) 11.1 (12.5) 12.2 (11.6) 2.0 (0.3) 11.9 (11.6)b 10.1 (7.3) 17.5 (15.2) 10.8 (12.5) 9.6 (5.6)
Vitamin A (RE) 432 (382) 591 (833) 99 (40) 566 (839) 774 (756) 704 (930) 397 (428) 444 (664)
Folate (μg) 341 (234) 336 (281) 155 (148) 314 (279) 442 (281) 471 (304) 252 (169) 272 (192)
  1. p-values obtained with Wilcoxon test; ap-value <0.001, bp-value <0.05. cCharacteristic values are means ± standard deviation (SD). BMI = body mass index. BMI wasting = <18.5 kg/m2 for men and women; Lean tissue mass wasting = Lean tissue mass index <16.7 kg/m2 for men and <14.6 kg/m2 for women; Mild tuberculosis disease = TBScore ≤5 and moderate-severe = TBScore >5 [20].