Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 3 Average 24-hour nutrient intake stratified by wasting and pulmonary tuberculosis disease severity

From: Low nutrient intake among adult women and patients with severe tuberculosis disease in Uganda: a cross-sectional study

Characteristic [mean, (SD)]c Lean tissue mass BMI Disease severity
  Not wasted (n=43) Wasted (n=20) Not wasted (n=28) Wasted (n=35) Mild ≤5 (n=24) Moderate/severe >5 (n=39)
Energy (MJ) 7.03 (3.31) 7.93 (4.48) 7.23 (2.94) 7.38 (4.26) 9.27 (3.94) 6.11 (3.02)b
Protein (g) 50.3 (33) 54.5 (44.3) 52.4 (36.8) 51.0 (37.3) 70.5 (46.4) 40 (20.6)b
Total fat (g) 39.4 (32.3) 57.8 (54.2) 39.1 (22.8) 50.2 (50.9) 61.6 (50.3) 35.2 (30.6)b
Carbohydrate (g) 288 (138) 290 (137) 296 (140) 283 (135) 348 (130) 252 (128)b
Calcium (mg) 448 (759) 565 (1125) 529 (895) 450 (885) 772 (1330) 308 (344)b
Magnesium (mg) 244 (193) 279 (242) 254 (161) 255 (242) 312 (245) 220 (177)
Zinc (mg) 5.7 (3.4) 6.8 (5.3) 5.5 (2.5) 6.5 (5.0) 7.2 (5.0) 5.3 (3.3)
Iron (mg) 11.2 (9.4) 10.9 (11.4) 10.3 (7.2) 11.7 (11.8) 12.5 (10.9) 10.2 (9.5)
Vitamin A (RE) 559 (608) 519 (807) 588 (708) 514 (650) 751 (798) 421 (555)b
Folate (μg) 351 (227) 298 (270) 330 (225) 338 (256) 452 (283) 262 (179)b
  1. p-values obtained with Wilcoxon test; bp-value <0.001, bp-value <0.05. cCharacteristic values are means ± standard deviation (SD). BMI = body mass index; BMI wasting = <18.5 kg/m2 for men and women; Lean tissue mass wasting = Lean tissue mass index <16.7 kg/m2 for men and <14.6 kg/m2 for women; and moderate-severe tuberculosis disease = TBScore >5 [20].