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Table 1 Characteristics of households with children participating in the QLSCD and included in the analysis at age 4 y (2002), by food insecurity status a b

From: Local social environmental factors are associated with household food insecurity in a longitudinal study of children

  Food insecurity status at 4 y   
Variables Food secure 90.8% (n=1568) Food insecure 9.2% (n =158) Total % (n) Total N
Place factors     
Materially deprived 36.3 (569) 53.2 (84) 37.8 (653) 1726
Socially deprived 34.6 (542) 52.5 (83) 36.2 (625) 1726
Low social cohesion c 50.5 (771) 69.1 (105) 52.2 (876) 1679
High social disorder c 23.9 (374) 45.5 (71) 25.9 (445) 1719
Living location c     1710
Rural/small town 22.1 (343) 22.6 (35) 22.1 (378)  
CA (semi-urban) 11.3 (176) 11.0 (17) 11.3 (193)  
CMA (urban) 66.6 (1036) 66.5 (103) 66.6 (1139)  
Other explanatory variables     
Number of people in household (mean, SD) c 4.1 (0.96) 4.3 (1.2) 4.1 (1.0) 1726
SES (tertiles) c     1715
Low 28.8 (449) 62.8 (98) 32.0 (547)  
Medium 34.3 (535) 28.9 (45) 33.8 (580  
High 36.9 (575) 8.3 (13) 34.3 (588)  
Single parent family c 11.0 (173) 26.0 (41) 12.4 (214) 1726
At least one person in household smokes 28.9 (453) 42.4 (67) 30.1 (520) 1726
Mother is an immigrant 8.1 (127) 17.7 (28) 9.0 (155) 1726
Age of the mother (mean y, SD) 33.3 (5.0) 32.5 (6.3) 33.2 (5.2) 1726
  1. a All variables except living location, number of people in the household, and age of the mother were significantly associated with food insecurity at the 5% level.
  2. b All variables (except where indicated in italics) are percentages (n).
  3. c Measured at 4 y (2002) here but used as a time-dependent variable in multivariate analysis.
  4. QLSCD – Québec Longitudinal Study of Child Development; CA – census agglomeration; CMA – census metropolitan area; SD – standard deviation; SES – socioeconomic status.