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Table 7 Popularity of methods “At” and “From”, means and standard deviations (bold:≥ 4.0; Italics: ≤ 3.0 )

From: Methods for environmental change; an exploratory study

“At” “From”
Method M SD Method M SD
Persuasive Communication 4.85 0.37 Feedback 4.65 0.59
Consciousness Raising 4.60 0.82 Modeling 4.55 0.60
Facilitation 4.50 0.89 Goal Setting 4.55 0.69
Technical Assistance 4.45 0.76 Facilitation 4.45 1.00
Organ. Diagnosis and Feedback 4.45 0.83 Tailoring 4.40 0.99
Feedback 4.35 0.88 Technical Assistance 4.35 0.81
Info About Others' Approval 4.35 0.93 Persuasive Communication 4.15 1.14
Modeling 4.30 0.66 Consciousness Raising 4.15 1.18
Participatory Problem Solving 4.25 0.72 Direct Experience 4.10 1.07
Advocacy and Lobbying 4.25 0.72 Reinforcement/Punishment 4.05 0.76
Tailoring 4.20 1.01 Info About Others' Approval 4.05 0.89
Goal Setting 4.15 0.99 Systems Change 3.95 1.15
Systems Change 3.95 1.15 Participatory Problem Solving 3.90 0.91
Direct Experience 3.70 1.13 Structural Redesign 3.70 1.13
Team Building and HR Training 3.70 1.03 Sense-Making 3.65 1.31
Increasing Stakeholder Influence 3.70 1.13 Team Building and HR Training 3.65 0.88
Reporting, Social Planning 3.70 1.22 Resistance to Social Pressure 3.60 0.88
Reinforcement/Punishment 3.65 1.04 Organ. Diagnosis and Feedback 3.45 1.19
Forming Coalitions 3.65 0.93 Reporting, Social Planning 3.20 1.11
Sense-Making 3.55 1.00 Increasing Stakeholder Infl. 3.10 1.02
Structural Redesign 3.45 1.15 Forming Coalitions 3.10 1.37
Media Advocacy 3.35 1.18 Media Advocacy 2.95 1.36
Resistance to Social Pressure 3.30 1.13 Advocacy and Lobbying 2.85 1.31
Social Action 2.90 1.33 Social Action 2.60 1.27
Coercion 1.95 1.05 Coercion 2.10 1.21