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Table 2 Factors influencing high-risk drinking (n = 23587)

From: Why is high-risk drinking more prevalent among men than women? evidence from South Korea

  Males (n = 10796) Females (n = 12791)
  OR 95% CI p-value OR 95% CI p-value
Age (years)       
   < 30 1.000    1.000   
   30-39 1.034 0.893-1.197 0.6566 0.513 0.416-0.634 < 0.0001
   40-49 0.978 0.834-1.145 0.7795 0.405 0.322-0.509 < 0.0001
   50-59 0.705 0.594-0.838 < 0.0001 0.195 0.146-0.260 < 0.0001
   ≥ 60 0.412 0.344-0.493 < 0.0001 0.060 0.043-0.085 < 0.0001
Marital status       
   Non-married 1.000    1.000   
   Married 0.872 0.773-0.984 0.0266 0.461 0.386-0.550 < 0.0001
Education       
   Lower than college 1.000    1.000   
   College or higher 0.949 0.855-1.052 0.3192 0.667 0.555-0.801 < 0.0001
   Occupation       
   Unemployed 1.000    1.000   
   Non-manual 1.049 0.907-1.213 0.5206 1.030 0.839-1.265 0.7749
   Manual 1.176 1.043-1.326 0.0083 1.380 1.167-1.632 0.0002
Household income       
   Lowest quartile 1.000    1.000   
   2nd lowest quartile 1.005 0.888-1.137 0.9379 1.137 0.920-1.406 0.2336
   2nd highest quartile 1.136 1.001-1.289 0.0479 1.165 0.941-1.442 0.1605
   Highest quartile 1.143 1.002-1.304 0.0464 1.138 0.910-1.423 0.2557
Body mass index       
   < 20 1.000    1.000   
   20-24 0.911 0.830-0.999 0.0488 0.769 0.655-0.903 0.0014
   25-29 1.238 1.109-1.383 0.0002 1.062 0.860-1.311 0.5779
   ≥ 30 1.495 1.113-2.007 0.0075 1.698 1.156-2.495 0.0070
Stress       
   Very low 1.000    1.000   
   Low 1.024 0.905-1.159 0.7064 1.023 0.806-1.298 0.8545
   High 1.230 1.078-1.404 0.0021 1.385 1.082-1.772 0.0097
   Very high 1.408 1.167-1.700 0.0004 1.782 1.285-2.471 0.0005
Survey year       
   1998 1.000    1.000   
   2001 1.046 0.947-1.155 0.3720 2.686 2.162-3.337 < 0.0001
   2005 1.488 1.349-1.642 < 0.0001 5.781 4.711-7.095 < 0.0001
   Log likelihood   -6896    -2910  
   C-statistic   0.623    0.792  
  1. Notes: OR denotes odds ratio; CI denotes confidence interval; household income is standardized by household size; a non-married marital status includes never-married, separated, widowed and divorced participants; unemployed status includes students and housewives; and the p-value is based on the Chi-square test.