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Table 3 Associations between migration status and sexual behaviors, unprotected practices of study participants in Prakasam and Azamgarh districts, India

From: Male migration and risky sexual behavior in rural India: is the place of origin critical for HIV prevention programs?

  Prakasam district Azamgarh
  Returned migrants/Non-migrants Active migrants/Non-migrants Returned migrants/Non-migrants Active migrants/Non-migrants
  AOR1 (95% CI) AOR1 (95% CI) AOR1 (95% CI) AOR1 (95% CI)
Ever had sex with     
Either sex worker or casual unpaid partner 1.85 (1.36-2.54)* 1.86 (1.36-2.53)* 1.19 (0.86-1.64) 1.43 (1.06-1.96)**
Male partner 0.56 (0.13 – 2.40) 1.19 (0.36 – 3.89) 1.78 (0.73 – 4.31) 0.60 (0.22 – 1.64)
Had sex in past 12 months with     
Sex worker 1.72 (1.02 – 2.91)** 2.05 (1.24 – 3.38)* 1.68 (0.96 – 2.94) 4.00 (2.43 – 6.59)*
Casual unpaid partner 1.57 (1.11 – 2.23)** 1.50 (1.06 – 2.11)** 0.95 (0.63 – 1.43) 1.41 (0.98 – 2.02)
Both sex worker and casual partner 1.63 (0.95 – 2.77) 1.93 (1.17 – 3.20)** 1.44 (0.72 – 2.88) 4.45 (2.47 – 8.02)*
3+ sex partners 1.78 (1.10 – 2.88)** 2.03 (1.28 – 3.22)* 1.22 (0.72 – 2.06) 1.92 (1.23 – 3.01)*
Consistent condom use # in past 12 months with     
Sex worker2 0.98 (0.29-3.31) 0.80 (0.25-2.60) 1.42 (0.46-4.42) 1.53 (0.55 - 4.23)
Casual unpaid partner4 1.40 (0.66-3.00) 2.29 (1.13-4.60)** 1.15 (0.39-3.39) 4.00 (1.62 - 9.93)*
Risky sexual behavior $ 1.79 (1.01-3.19)* 1.54 (0.87-2.72) 1.46 (0.68-3.12) 3.05 (1.59-5.87)
  1. AOR, Adjusted odds ratio; CI, confidence interval; STI, sexually transmitted infection.
  2. The independent variable coding for the odds ratios presented are: Returned migrants (coded as 1) /Non-migrants (coded as 0); Active migrants (coded as 1) /Non-migrants (coded as 0).
  3. 1 Controlled for age, education, marital status and occupation.
  4. 2 Among those who had sex with sex workers in last 12 months.
  5. 3 Among those who had sex with sex workers.
  6. 4 Among those who had sex with casual unpaid female partners in last 12 months.
  7. 5 Among those who had sex with casual unpaid female partners.
  8. # Condom use at last time sex in 12 months prior to the survey with specific type of partner (irrespective of place of origin or destination).
  9. * p<0.01, ** p<0.05.