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Table 2 Diabetes Health Care Characteristics of Older U.S. Adults with Diabetes by Geographic Locale (Rural or Non-Rural)* 2009 BRFSS Data (weighted n = 7946892)

From: Adequacy of diabetes care for older U.S. rural adults: a cross-sectional population based study using 2009 BRFSS data

Variables and Factors % Non-Rural (weighted n = 6191312) % Rural (weighted n = 1755580)
Age of Diabetes Onset < 45 Years 10.4 10.4
  45 - 64 Years 47.6 47.7
  > = 65 Years 42.0 41.9
Insulin Use Yes 25.3 27.7
  No 74.7 72.3
BMI BMI < 25 21.3 18.0
  BMI 25- < 30 38.0 39.2
  BMI ≥ 30 40.7 42.8
Physical Activity Getting At Least Moderate Physical Activity 31.2 31.3
  Inactive 68.8 68.7
Smoking Status Smoker 13.5 14.2
  Non-Smoker 86.5 85.8
Diabetes Has Affected Eyes Yes 19.2 20.5
  No 80.8 79.5
Self-Glucose Check < Daily 57.3 54.7
  Daily Check 42.7 45.3
Self-Foot Check < Daily 58.2 55.0
  Daily Check 41.8 45.0
High Blood Pressure (HBP) Do Not Have HBP 25.5 24.6
  Have HBP 74.5 75.4
Controlled Blood Pressure Controlled 97.2 96.8
  Not Controlled 2.8 3.2
Last Cholesterol Check > 12 Months Ago 8.6 11.5
  Within Last 12 Months 91.4 88.5
Seasonal Flu Vaccination No 30.0 29.5
  Yes 70.0 70.5
Lifetime Pneumonia Vaccination No 33.9 27.8
  Yes 66.1 72.2
Lifetime Diabetes Education No 64.1 69.1
  Yes 35.9 30.9
Diabetes Check-up < Twice In Past 12 Months 50.5 50.3
  At least Twice In Past 12 Months 49.5 49.7
Health Care Provider Checked A1c < Twice In Past 12 Months 57.9 58.1
  At least Twice In Past 12 Months 42.1 41.9
Health Care Provider Checked Feet < Twice In Past 12 Months 63.1 64.7
  At least Twice In Past 12 Months 36.9 35.3
Dilated Eye Exam Longer Than 12 Months Ago 47.4 50.0
  Within Last 12 Months 52.6 50.0
Adequacy of Diabetes Care Adequate Care 25.2 23.1
  Less Than Adequate Care 74.8 76.9
  1. *In all instances column proportions differ significantly from each other at the .05 level.