Skip to main content

Table 2 Age-adjusted prevalence of selected risk factors by year, gender and occupation among cohort populations in Guangzhou, China, 1983-1994

From: Adverse trends of cardiovascular risk factors among low risk populations (1983-1994) - a cohort study of workers and farmers in Guangzhou, China

  Males Females
  Workers Farmers Workers Farmers
Current smoking (%)     
   Year 0 71.3 80.4 4.3 6.7
   Year 4 64.3 75.1 3.3 4.3
   Year 10 60.5 72.0 0.8 2.1
   Average change in 10 years -10.6* -8.3* -3.5* -4.6*
Hypertension (%)     
   Year 0 13.9 10.0 15.7 6.0
   Year 4 9.0 11.9 11.6 5.9
   Year 10 18.8 22.0 20.7 10.7
   Average change in 10 years +5.5* +12.3* +5.5* +5.0*
Overweight or obesity (%)     
   Year 0 5.8 0.8 14.2 1.4
   Year 4 6.2 2.2 16.2 2.1
   Year 10 13.4 6.8 18.4 6.0
   Average change in 10 years +7.8* +6.1* +4.2* +4.8*
Hyperlipidemia (%)     
   Year 0 6.7 1.7 13.0 2.7
   Year 4 15.3 5.1 18.8 3.8
   Year 10 14.0 8.6 16.1 5.2
   Average change in 10 years +6.2* +6.8* +2.3 +2.5*
  1. Note: Hypertension was defined as SBP ≥ 140 mmHg and/or DBP ≥ 90 mmHg or on antihypertensive medication. Overweight was defined as body mass index ≥25 kg/m2 and obese was defined as body mass index ≥30 kg/m2. Hyperlipidemia was defined as serum total cholesterol ≥240 mg/dl and/or low density lipoprotein cholesterol ≥160 mg/dl. *P < 0.001 for 10 years linear trend