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Table 1 Characteristics of study participants by smoking status

From: Neighbourhood crime and smoking: the role of objective and perceived crime measures

Individual characteristics Total n Current smokers (%) Mean number cigarettes/daya(SD)
Sex
   Men 1,073 25.1 15.1 (8.6)
   Women 1,345 23.5 14.3 (8.7)
Age cohort*
   30-50 years-old 829 28.6 13.3 (7.7)
   50-70 years-old 953 25.9 16.6 (9.2)
   > 70 years-old 636 15.9 13.0 (8.4)
Social class *
   I (professional) 248 11.3 13.4 (8.8)
   II (intermediate) 803 16.3 11.3 (7.6)
   IIINM (skilled non-manual) 350 21.4 14.6 (8.9)
   IIIM (skilled manual) 634 33.0 16.0 (8.5)
   IV (partly skilled manual) 293 34.5 15.7 (8.8)
   V (unskilled manual) 90 46.7 16.9 (8.7)
Employment status
   Not in employment 1,032 24.6 15.3 (9.0)
   In employment 1,386 23.9 14.2 (8.3)
Neighbourhood crime
Police-recorded crime
Crime rate (all respondents)*
   Low 805 15.8 13.8 (8.9)
   Medium 800 25.3 13.8 (8.3)
   High 813 31.5 15.8 (8.7)
Crime rate (men)*
   Low 371 17.0 14.9 (8.8)
   Medium 332 26.5 13.4 (8.7)
   High 370 31.9 16.4 (8.3)
Crime rate (women)*
   Low 434 14.7 12.7 (9.0)
   Medium 468 24.4 14.1 (8.1)
   High 443 31.2 15.3 (9.0)
Resident-perceived crime
Perceived crime (all respondents)*
   Low 691 21.7 14.6 (8.2)
   Medium 592 20.3 14.5 (9.0)
   Medium-high 458 21.8 13.7 (8.1)
   High 677 31.8 15.3 (9.1)
Perceived crime (men)*
   Low 308 21.4 14.8 (7.4)
   Medium 257 24.1 14.9 (9.8)
   Medium-high 198 22.2 14.0 (8.2)
   High 310 31.3 15.8 (8.8)
Perceived crime (women)*
   Low 383 21.9 14.4 (8.7)
   Medium 335 17.3 14.0 (8.0)
   Medium-high 260 21.5 13.5 (8.1)
   High 367 32.2 14.9 (9.3)
  1. n sample size, SD standard deviation
  2. aAmong current smokers only
  3. *Smokers and non-smokers differed significantly (p-value < 0.05)