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Table 2 Frequency of symptoms in people reporting pneumonia in the previous year and influenza-like illness (ILI) in the previous month, Santa Rosa, Guatemala, 2006a, b

From: Low usage of government healthcare facilities for acute respiratory infections in guatemala: implications for influenza surveillance

  Pneumonia
N = 323
n (%)
ILI
N = 628
n (%)
Difficult or fast breathing 322 (100) 309 (51)
Cough 320 (99) 551 (88)
Feverishness 277 (88) 628 (100)
Chills 213 (77) 457 (77)
Wheezing 214 (69) 246 (42)
Confusion or delirium 33 (12) NA
Hemoptysis 20 (7) NA
Unconsciousness 23 (7) NA
Signs of severe pneumonia c 58 (19) NA
Sore throat NA 605 (98)
Headache NA 533 (89)
Muscle aches NA 450 (76)
Runny nose NA 447 (71)
Decreased activity NA 363 (60)
Nausea or vomiting NA 154 (24)
Duration of illness ≥7 days 91 (29) 353 (56)
  1. a NA = Not applicable
  2. b Percentages are a proportion of non-missing data and are calculated using sample weights.
  3. c Severe pneumonia: children <3 years old: blue lips and/or nails, inability to breastfeed or drink, convulsions, unconsciousness or decreased activity; persons ≥3 years old: fast breathing with confusion.