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Table 2 Trends in behavior, correlates, and exposure to the intervention among kathoy aged 15-35 in Luang Prabang, Vientiane, and Savannakhet, Laos (November 2004 and June 2006)

From: Increasing safer sexual behavior among Lao kathoy through an integrated social marketing approach

Indicators November 2004 June 2006 P-Value
  N= 288 N= 415  
Behavior/Usea % %  
Used condom with casual partner at last anal sexb 57.5 75.5 <.001
Used condom with boyfriends at last anal sexc 23.5 76.7 <.001
Ever used water-based lubricant for anal sexd 54.6 81.1 <.001
Opportunity % %  
Availability
Condoms are available any of the places where I spend time during the daye 55.0 84.6 <.001
Number One Deluxe Plus is available in any of the places where I meet sex partnersf 5.8 26.5 <.001
Number One Deluxe Plus is available in any of the places where I spend time during the dayg 8.3 22.3 .016
Ability % %  
Knowledge
Knows that oil-based lubricants increase condom breakage 33.6 9.1 <.001
Knows that having an STI can increase the likelihood of contracting HIV 87.9 75.3 <.001
Can identify at least two STI symptoms 63.5 60.5 .451
Knows that a healthy-looking person can still be infected with HIV 90.4 49.5 <.001
Knows that consistent and correct condom use with regular partner can prevent STIsh 89.3 97.3 <.001
Self efficacy
Always able to insist on condom use with casual partners in the past 6 months 31.6 34.8 .453
Motivation % %  
Attitudes
Believes it is very important to use condoms with regular partners to prevent HIV 58.7 91.7 <.001
Intention
Much more likely to use condoms with casual partners if water-based lubricant available 71.3 56.1 <.001
Threat
Very concerned about getting HIV/AIDS 71.9 71.1 .825
Exposure % %  
Has heard of Number One Deluxe Plus 53.4 47.6 .150
Has ever heard of PSI transgender activities n/a 78.6 n/a
Has ever read the PSI transgender brochure n/a 56.6 n/a
Has ever heard of the Peuan Mai drop in center n/a 59.5 n/a
Has ever been contacted by a PSI peer educator n/a 47.7 n/a
Has ever attended a PSI group discussioni n/a 85.9 n/a
Has ever attended a PSI camping/training sessionj n/a 48.0 n/a
  1. aControl variables for each item included in the table are as follows: province where the interview was conducted, age, highest level of education completed, occupation, average monthly income in kip and current living arrangements
  2. bAmong respondents who had ever used a condom and had casual partners (n = 612). In round 1, condom use at last sex with casual partners was defined as katoy who had used a condom the last time they had anal sex with casual partners. However, in round 2, condom use at last sex with casual partners had a more stringent definition and was defined as katoy who responded that they had used a condom the last time they had anal sex from the moment of penetration to the end of intercourse with casual partners
  3. cAmong respondents who had ever used a condom and had a boyfriend (n = 455)
  4. dAmong respondents who had ever heard of Number One Deluxe Plus (NODP) (n = 485). At the time of the study, NODP was the only water-based lubricant available on the Lao market
  5. eThis item includes respondents who answered "all places, most places, or some places" to the following question, "Are condoms available in or near the places you spend time during the day?"
  6. fThis item includes respondents who answered "all or some places" to the following question, "Would you say NODP is available in or near the places where you meet your sex partners?"
  7. gThis item includes respondents who answered "all or some places" to the following question, "Would you say NODP is available in or near the places where you spend time during the day?"
  8. hThe item "knows that consistent and correct condom use with regular partner can prevent HIV" was asked in 2006, but not in 2004. Therefore, no finding for this HIV indicator is included in the above table
  9. iAmong those who had ever been contacted by a PSI peer educator (n = 198)
  10. jAmong those who had ever been contacted by a PSI peer educator (n = 198)