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Table 3 Multiple Logistic Regression; Risk factors of Undernutrition of HIV positive children.

From: Undernutrition among HIV-positive children in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania: antiretroviral therapy alone is not enough

  WAZ<-2SD WHZ<-2SD HAZ<-2SD
Variable OR AOR 95% C.I.for AOR P-Value OR AOR 95% C.I.for AOR P-Value OR AOR 95% C.I.for AOR P-Value
    Lower Upper     Lower Upper     Lower Upper  
Age                
   ≤38 Months(median) 1.00 1.00     1.00 1.00     1.00 1.00    
   >38 Months(median) 1.51 0.48 0.06 3.56 0.469 1.18 0.94 0.19 4.68 0.94 0.90 0.84 0.24 2.95 0.781
Sex                
   Male 1.00 1.00     1.00 1.00     1.00 1.00    
   Female 0.45 0.54 0.13 2.29 0.403 0.46 0.33 0.09 1.17 0.085 0.63 0.90 0.40 2.06 0.810
Birth weight                
   ≥2500 g 1.00 1.00     1.00 1.00     1.00 1.00    
   <2500 g 5.65 5.13 1.10 24.28 0.039 2.44 0.63 0.17 2.39 0.495 3.40 1.09 0.42 2.83 0.865
Diarrhea                
   No 1.00 1.00     1.00 1.00     1.00 1.00    
   Yes 35.01 3.12 0.57 17.19 0.191 31.66 22.49 3.38 149.61 0.001 7.75 1.28 0.43 3.82 0.653
Education(caregiver)                
   ≤ Primary 1.00 1.00     1.00 1.00     1.00 1.00    
   ≥ Secondary 0.26 0.14 0.02 1.25 0.076 0.51 0.90 0.14 5.30 0.919 0.50 0.73 0.22 2.06 0.465
Feeding frequency                
   <4 1.00 1.00     1.00 1.00     1.00 1.00    
   ≥4 0.02 0.02 0.01 0.11 <0.001 0.02 0.03 0.01 0.21 <0.001 0.20 0.85 0.31 2.34 0.758
HIV Stage (WHO)                
   Low (1&2) 1.00 1.00     1.00 1.00     1.00 1.00    
   Advanced (3&4) 9.48 4.62 0.80 26.70 0.087 2.25 0.25 0.05 1.17 0.078 7.27 6.39 2.52 16.16 <0.001
Food security                
   Secured 1.00 1.00     1.00 1.00     1.00 1.00    
   Insecure 0.57 0.24 0.01 5.91 0.382 1.26 0.26 0.03 2.60 0.250 4.65 7.19 2.18 23.74 0.001
   Hunger 21.87 8.64 1.26 59.23 0.028 4.40 0.29 0.06 1.55 0.139 41.03 31.71 10.28 97.86 <0.001
Wealth Index                
   Low 1.00 1.00     1.00 1.00     1.00 1.00    
   Middle 0.13 0.08 0.01 0.58 0.013 0.08 0.13 0.02 0.87 0.036 0.36 1.16 0.41 3.34 0.780
   High 0.10 0.36 0.04 3.09 0.352 0.15 0.47 0.08 2.74 0.403 0.24 1.03 0.33 3.28 0.956
Dietary diversity score                
   < 6 score 1.00 1.00     1.00 1.00     1.00 1.00    
   ≥ 6 score 0.20 0.21 0.04 1.14 0.071 0.23 0.57 0.15 2.21 0.416 0.39 1.11 0.45 2.74 0.822
ART duration                
   <6 months 1.00 1.00     1.00 1.00     1.00 1.00    
   6-12 months 1.31 2.36 0.34 16.51 0.386 0.21 3.82 0.69 21.12 0.124 1.40 1.78 0.47 6.71 0.398
   >12 months 0.52 0.36 0.06 2.09 0.252 0.73 3.71 0.75 18.30 0.107 0.68 0.95 0.31 2.92 0.928
  1. Adjusted for: Age, Sex, Birth weight, Diarrhea, Care givers education, Feeding frequency, HIV stage, Food security, House hold wealth index, Dietary diversity score and ART duration