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Table 1 Characteristics of participants by gender from 4 rural communities, Deqing, China

From: High prevalence of hyperglycaemia and the impact of high household income in transforming Rural China

Characteristics Men (n = 1865) Women (n = 2641) Statistical test for gender difference
  Mean ± SD Mean ± SD  
Age (years) 47.3 ± 9.5 46.6 ± 9.6 t = 2.56, P = 0.011
BMI (kg/m2) 22.6 ± 2.7 22.2 ± 2.9 t = 4.60, P < 0.001
  No. (%) No. (%)  
Years of education    
   ≤ 9 998(53.7) 1768(67.4) χ2 = 86.02, P < 0.001
   > 9 861(46.3) 857(32.6)  
Farmer    
   Yes 1326(71.1) 1917(72.6) χ2 = 1.20, P = 0.274
   No 539(28.9) 724(27.4)  
Household income    
   Low 208(11.4) 286(11.0) χ2 = 0.15, P = 0.929
   Medium 1487(81.5) 2121(81.9)  
   High 130(7.1) 183(7.1)  
Having rural cooperative medical insurance    
   Yes 1733(96.2) 2486(96.5) χ2 = 0.42, P = 0.515
   No 69(3.8) 89(3.5)  
Regular leisure physical activity    
   Yes 42(2.4) 53(2.1) χ2 = 0.26, P = 0.607
   No 1734(97.6) 2436(97.9)  
Alcohol drinking    
   Yes 853(45.7) 95(3.6) χ2 = 1168.47, P < 0.001
   No 1012(54.3) 2546(96.4)  
Smoking    
   Yes 1183(63.5) 53(2.0) χ2 = 2066.52, P < 0.001
   No 680(36.5) 2576(98.0)  
Body mass index (kg/m2)    
   < 25.0 1528(83.0) 2209(84.6) χ2 = 2.70, P = 0.225
   25.0- 291(15.8) 368(14.1)  
   ≥ 30.0 21(1.1) 34(1.3)