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Table 2 Prevalence estimates and odds ratios (OR) for common mental disorder on the CIS-R (12+)

From: Identifying socio-demographic and socioeconomic determinants of health inequalities in a diverse London community: the South East London Community Health (SELCoH) study

  n N Prevalence (95%CI) p-value‡ Unadjusted OR (95%CI) Test for trend
Demographic Indicators       
Total sample    24.2 (21.9-26.5)    
Gender       
   Female 265 959 27.3 (24.3-30.2) < 0.001 1.7 (1.4-2.2)***  
   Male 131 739 17.9 (15.0-20.8)   1.0  
Ethnic group       
   White British 250 1051 24.3 (21.5-27.3) 0.19 1.0  
   Black-Caribbean 41 143 31.0 (22.3-39.8)   1.4 (0.9-2.2)  
   Black-African 44 234 19.5 (13.8-25.1)   0.8 (0.5-1.1)  
   Asian 14 63 24.9 (15.9-33.9)   1.0 (0.6-1.7)  
   Other 46 205 23.0 (16.8-29.3)   0.9 (0.6-1.4)  
Age (years)       
   16-24 84 356 25.1 (20.2-30.0) 0.13 1.0  
   25-34 88 404 22.8 (18.4-27.2)   0.9 (0.6-1.3)  
   35-44 77 336 24.3 (19.4-29.1)   0.9 (0.7-1.4)  
   45-54 75 264 30.1 (24.2-35.9)   1.3 (0.9-1.9)  
   55-64 41 163 25.4 (18.2-32.5)   1.0 (0.6-1.6)  
   65+ 31 175 18.3 (12.3-24.3)   0.7 (0.4-1.1)  
Relationship status       
   Never married 172 678 26.5 (22.9-30.2) < 0.01 1.0  
   Married/cohabiting 153 786 19.8 (16.8-22.9)   0.7 (0.5-0.9)**  
   Divorced/separated 57 181 32.2 (25.1-39.4)   1.3 (0.9-1.9)  
   Widowed 14 53 27.1 (14.9-39.4)   1.0 (0.5-1.9)  
Borough       
   Southwark 197 851 23.7 (20.5-26.9) 0.69 0.9 (0.7-1.2)  
   Lambeth 199 847 24.6 (21.4-27.8)   1.0  
Socioeconomic Indicators       
Educational attainment       
   No qualifications 61 228 25.7 (19.8-31.6) < 0.01 1.5 (1.0-2.1)* p = 0.003
   Up to GCSE level 100 332 30.5 (25.2-35.8)   1.8 (1.3-2.5)***  
   Advanced level 102 426 25.6 (21.2-29.9)   1.4 (1.1-1.9)*  
   Higher degree or above 127 693 19.2 (16.1-22.3)   1.0  
Social class       
   Non-manual 135 703 19.9 (16.7-23.1) < 0.01 1.0  
   Manual 51 244 22.2 (16.4-27.9)   1.1 (0.8-1.7)  
   No current occupation 201 714 28.5 (24.9-32.1)   1.6 (1.2-2.1)***  
Employment status       
   Full time 122 662 18.9 (15.8-22.2) < 0.001 1.0  
   Part time/casual 57 259 22.6 (17.2-28.1)   1.2 (0.9-1.8)  
   Student/student working 46 247 19.8 (14.6-25.1)   1.1 (0.7-1.6)  
   Unemployed 58 170 35.5 (27.9-43.0)   2.3 (1.6-3.4)***  
   Temporary and permanent sick 54 81 67.0 (56.4-77.6)   8.7 (5.1-14.7)***  
   Retired 36 188 19.8 (13.8-25.8)   1.1 (0.7-1.6)  
   Home looking after children 21 82 25.2 (15.8-34.6)   1.4 (0.8-2.5)  
Yearly household income       
   £0 - £5,475 60 139 42.2 (33.3-51.2) < 0.001 3.2 (2.1-4.8)*** < 0.001
   £5476 - £12,097 58 212 26.6 (20.5-32.7)   1.6 (1.1-2.3)*  
   £12,098 - £20,753 56 203 28.9 (22.4-35.5)   1.8 (1.2-2.6)**  
   £20,754 - £31,494 40 179 23.2 (15.8-30.6)   1.3 (0.8-2.0)  
   £31,495 or more 129 703 18.8 (15.7-22.8)   1.0  
Housing tenure       
   Own/mortgage 93 525 18.9 (15.1-22.7) < 0.001 1.0  
   Rented 286 1058 27.9 (24.8-30.9)   1.7 (1.2-2.2)***  
   Rent free 16 112 14.2 (7.4-21.1)   0.7 (0.4-1.3)  
  1. Weighted percentages to account for survey design; frequencies are unweighted and may not add up due to missing values.
  2. ‡Pearson's χ2 test with Rao & Scott correction for survey data.
  3. *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001