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Table 3 Key nutrition Indicators and income status (poverty) from 40 countries in Sub-Saharan Africa

From: Diet and mortality rates in Sub-Saharan Africa: Stages in the nutrition transition

Country PPP HIV prevalence
(%)
Energy (cal/capita/
day)
Protein (g/capita/day) Energy from protein (%) Fat (g/capita/day) Energy from fat (%) Carbohydrates (g/capita/day) Energy from carbohydrates (%)
Angola 54.3 2.0 1973 44 8.92 47 21.44 343.5 69.64
Benin 47.3 1.2 2533 59.4 9.38 52.2 18.55 456.4 72.07
Burkina Faso 56.5 1.2 2677 81.4 12.16 58.6 19.70 456 68.14
Burundi 81.3 3.5 1685 45.6 10.82 13.4 7.16 345.5 82.02
Cameroon 32.8 5.3 2269 57.4 10.12 42.6 16.90 414 72.98
Cape Verde 20.6 n/a 2572 69.5 10.81 76.8 26.87 400.7 62.32
Central African Republic (CAR) 62.4 5.1 1986 46.1 9.28 64.9 29.41 304.4 61.31
Chad 61.9 3.4 2056 61.5 11.96 49.1 21.49 342 66.54
Comoros 46.1 0.1 1884 44.6 9.47 45.1 21.54 324.9 68.98
Congo Brazzaville 54.1 3.5 2512 52.7 8.39 60.7 21.75 438.7 69.86
Cote d'Ivoire 23.3 3.7 2528 49.9 7.90 47.2 16.80 513.3 81.22
Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) 59.2 1.3 1605 24.4 6.08 24.3 13.63 322.2 80.30
Eritrea* n/a 0.8 1605 47.3 11.79 25.4 14.24 296.8 73.97
Ethiopia 39 n/a 1980 56.7 11.45 21 9.55 391 78.99
Gabon 4.8 5.3 2755 81.3 11.80 58.5 19.11 475.8 69.08
Gambia 34.3 1.7 2385 55.7 9.34 68.4 25.81 386.6 64.84
Ghana 30 1.8 2907 59.8 8.23 51.3 15.88 551.5 75.89
Guinea 70.1 1.4 2568 54.4 8.47 62.9 22.04 446.1 69.49
Guinea-Bissau 48.8 2.5 2306 44.3 7.68 50.9 19.87 417.7 72.45
Kenya 19.7 6.3 2089 59.7 11.43 49.1 21.15 352.1 67.42
Lesotho 43.4 23.6 2476 69.4 11.21 32.6 11.85 476.25 76.94
Liberia 83.7 1.6 2204 36.5 6.62 57.1 23.32 386 70.05
Madagascar 67.8 0.2 2160 49.9 9.24 31.9 13.29 418.3 77.46
Malawi 73.9 11.2 2172 56.6 10.42 31.9 13.22 414.6 76.35
Mali 51.5 1.0 2614 71.7 10.97 54.7 18.83 458.7 70.19
Mozambique 74.7 11.4 2067 37.9 7.33 37.7 16.42 394 76.25
Namibia* n/a 13.7 2383 67.9 11.40 55.7 21.04 402.5 67.56
Niger 65.9 0.8 2376 80 13.47 46.5 17.61 409.4 68.92
Nigeria 64.4 3.6 2741 63.5 9.27 66.5 21.84 472.1 68.89
Rwanda 76.6 2.9 2085 49.5 9.50 20.1 8.68 426.5 81.82
Sao Tome and Principe* n/a n/a 2684 60.5 9.02 74.9 25.12 442 65.87
Senegal 33.5 0.8 2348 58.7 10.00 64.6 24.76 382.9 65.23
Sierra Leone 53.4 1.6 2170 52.2 9.62 56 23.23 364.3 67.15
South Africa (RSA) 26.2 17.9 2999 80.9 10.79 81.9 24.58 484.6 64.63
Swaziland 62.9 25.9 2292 60.9 10.63 49.1 19.28 401.6 70.09
Tanzania 88.5 5.8 2032 49.1 9.67 33.3 14.75 384 75.59
Togo 38.7 3.2 2161 48.9 9.05 46.9 19.53 385.8 71.41
Uganda 51.5 6.4 2211 48.7 8.81 42.6 17.34 408.2 73.85
Zambia 64.3 13.6 1873 46.6 9.95 34.4 16.53 344.3 73.53
Zimbabwe* n/a 15.1 2238 55.9 9.99 56.9 22.88 375.6 67.13
Mean 51.8 5.69 2279 56.0 9.8 48.6 18.9 405.3 71.4
Standard Deviation 20.0 6.49 334.3 12.6 1.6 16.1 5.0 56.7 5.3
Minimum 4.8 0.1 1605 24.4 6.08 13.4 7.16 296.8 61.31
Maximum 88.5 25.9 2999 81.4 13.47 81.9 29.41 551.5 82.02
  1. * Indicates countries with missing data
  2. n/a indicates a missing data value