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Table 1 Definition of key indicators

From: Diet and mortality rates in Sub-Saharan Africa: Stages in the nutrition transition

Indicators Definition
Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) Probability of dying between birth and age 1 per 1 000 live births
Stunting Children < 5 years that are stunted for age (%)
[Height-for-age Z-score ≤ -2SD]
Underweight-for-age Children < 5 years that are underweight for age (%) [Underweight-for-age Z-score ≤ -2SD]
Low Birth Weight Low-birth-weight newborns (%)
Exclusively Breastfed Infants exclusively breastfed for the first 6 months of life (%)
Non-communicable Disease
Mortality Rate (NCD MR)
Age-standardized mortality rate by cause (per 100 000 population)-due to NCD
Underweight Adult women with a BMI < 18.5 (%)
Normal Weight Adult women with a BMI of 18.5-24.9 (%)
Overweight/obese Adult women with a BMI > 25 (%)
PPP Population living on < $1 a day (%)
HIV prevalence Prevalence of HIV among adults aged 15-49 (%)
Dietary energy supply (DES) Dietary energy supply (kcal/capita/day)
Protein Protein supply quantity (g/capita/day)
Energy from protein Energy obtained from protein (%)
Fat Fat supply quantity (g/capita/day)
Energy from fat Energy obtained from fat (%)
Carbohydrates Carbohydrate supply quantity (g/capita/day)
Energy from carbohydrates Energy obtained from carbohydrates (%)