Skip to main content

Table 3 Health status and health behavior in women without and with PMS, major depression, and with PMS plus major depression (weighted prevalence rates)

From: The interrelation between premenstrual syndrome and major depression: Results from a population-based sample

  No PMS or depression (n= 2848) PMS only (n= 413) Major depression only (n= 197) PMS plus depression (n= 60) Total (n= 3518) χ2 (df)
  % % % % %  
Body weight       
Underweight 6.9 6.9 9.7 7.8 7.0  
Normal weight 74.5 72.8 69.2 71.8 74  
Overweight 13.5 13.3 12.3 9 13.3  
Obese 5.1 7.0 8.8 11.4 5.6  
Total 100 100 100 100 100 4.85 (9)
Pill as oral contraception       
No 68 78.4 62.1 65.4 68.8  
Yes 32 21.6 37.9 34.6 31.2  
Total 100 100 100 100 100 9.85* (3)
Alcohol consumption       
No consumption 33.5 35.1 19 40.5 33  
Mild consumption 62.9 62.4 71.8 53.9 63.2  
Moderate to severe consumption 3.6 2.6 9.2 5.6 3.8  
Total 100 100 100 100 100 17.99** (6)
Smoking status       
None smoker 59.1 51.1 47.3 50.4 57.4  
Former smoker 15.3 22 17.9 18.5 16.3  
Current smoker 25.6 26.9 34.8 31.1 26.3  
Total 100 100 100 100 100 12.53 (6)
Cannabis consumption       
Yes 2.5 2.7 6.2 7.4 2.8  
No 97.5 97.3 93.8 92.6 97.2  
Total 100 100 100 100 100 4.11 (3)
Health orientation       
Not health oriented 9.7 9.6 17 9.6 10.1  
Health oriented 90.3 90.4 83 90.4 89.9  
Total 100 100 100 100 100 4.06 (3)
Psychotropic drug consumption       
None 90.9 78.2 67.3 42.6 86  
Antidepressants only 2.9 4.9 12.4 9.7 4  
Tranquillizer/sleeping pills only 4.6 13.1 7.5 11.9 6.2  
Tranquillizer/sleeping pills and antidepressants 1.5 3.8 12.7 35.8 3.7  
Total 100 100 100 100 100 38.99*** (9)
Work satisfaction       
Extremely satisfied 23.5 13.6 16.1 12.1 21.8  
Very satisfied 45.2 41.1 33 39.4 43.9  
Fairly satisfied 21.1 24.4 35.2 21.4 22.3  
Partly satisfied to extremely dissatisfied 10.1 20.9 15.8 27.1 12  
Total 100 100 100 100 100 28.35*** (9)
Mastery       
Low 17.4 37.6 41 74.4 22  
Medium 46.9 47.7 38.3 20.3 46.1  
High 35.6 14.7 20.7 5.3 31.9  
Total 100 100 100 100 100 104.00*** (6)
Physical activity       
Inactive 11.3 16.6 12.5 8.1 11.9  
Partially active 47.2 45.2 51 56.7 47.4  
Active 41.5 38.2 36.5 35.2 40.7  
Total 100 100 100 100 100 6.35 (6)
Self-rated health       
Poor health 0.6 3.8 5.5 25.8 1.7  
Fair health 4.8 8.6 13.6 22.8 6.1  
Good health 94.6 87.6 80.9 51.4 92.2  
Total 100 100 100 100 100 40.23*** (6)
Sleeping difficulties       
Not at all 66.8 53.6 49.8 31.4 63.7  
A bit 27.2 29 30.2 35.0 27.8  
Strongly 6.0 17.4 20.0 33.6 8.6  
Total 100 100 100 100 100 46.42*** (6)
Psychological distress       
Low 84.2 66.0 55.2 34.3 79.6  
Medium 12.9 23.8 30.1 32.2 15.4  
High 2.9 10.3 14.7 33.5 4.9  
Total 100 100 100 100 100 77.31*** (6)
  1. *p < .05; **p < .01; ***p < .001