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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics in women without and with PMS, major depression, and with PMS plus depression (weighted prevalence rates)

From: The interrelation between premenstrual syndrome and major depression: Results from a population-based sample

  No PMS or depression PMS Only Major depression only PMS plus depression Total χ2
  (n= 2848) (n= 413) (n= 197) (n= 60) (n= 3518) (df)
  % % % % %  
Age (years)       
14-25 23.7 24.4 23.1 24.1 23.8  
24-35 27.5 21.2 28.2 24.4 26.7  
34-45 31.8 37.4 30.0 23.4 32.2  
44-55 17.0 17.0 18.8 28.1 17.3  
Total 100 100 100 100 100 9.13 (9)
Marital status       
Unmarried 41.8 43.3 46.1 42.2 42.2  
Married 50.6 47.5 41.5 50.0 49.7  
Widowed 0.6 1.3 0.7 0.0 0.7  
Separated/Divorced 7.0 7.9 11.8 7.9 7.3  
Total 100 100 100 100 100 18.95* (9)
Language regions       
German-speaking 71.3 63.6 71.6 52.5 70.1  
French-speaking 24.4 30.2 24.4 39.8 25.4  
Italian-speaking 4.2 6.2 4.0 7.8 4.5  
Total 100 100 100 100 100 10.56 (6)
Nationality       
Swiss 75.9 70.5 75.0 58.7 74.9  
Other 24.1 29.5 25.0 41.3 25.1  
Total 100 100 100 100 100 4.43 (3)
Profession       
Higher-middle management 42.5 38.6 39.5 29.6 41.7  
Office worker 31.9 39.4 29.1 23.2 32.4  
Craftsperson 5.5 4.9 6.8 9.7 5.5  
Labourer 20.1 17.2 24.6 37.5 20.3  
Total 100 100 100 100 100 9.39 (9)
Education       
Compulsory school 9.3 9.0 8.0 25.8 9.5  
Secondary school 65.3 66 69.7 59.6 65.5  
College/university 25.4 25 22.4 14.6 25  
Total 100 100 100 100 100 5.86 (6)
Employment       
Full time 30.1 26.6 29.0 21.6 29.4  
Part time 45.4 41.1 49.2 39.8 45  
No employment 24.5 32.3 21.8 38.5 25.5  
Total 100 100 100 100 100 7.77 (6)
Living arrangements       
Living alone 8.8 10.0 17.0 10.1 9.4  
Couple without child 18.9 14.9 16.5 18.7 18.3  
Couple with child 62 63.5 49.4 62.3 61.5  
Single parent 8.5 9.7 16.2 7.4 9  
Other 1.8 1.9 0.8 1.6 1.8  
Total 100 100 100 100 100 21.78* (12)
  1. *p < .05