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Table 2 Beliefs Identified in the Reviewed Studies

From: How does the general public view posthumous organ donation? A meta-synthesis of the qualitative literature

Beliefs Study n
  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24  
Religion                          
Religious opposition to organ donation + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + +   + + + + + + + 23
   Need to maintain bodily integrity + + + + + + + + + + + + + + +    + + + + + + + 22
   Interferes with funeral or burial rituals   +   + +    +   +    + + + +   +   + +     12
   Fatalism   +   +   +     +     +   +      +    + 8
   Haunt surviving family members     +   +                    2
Religious support for organ donation +   + + +   +     +     + +   +   +      10
Uncertain of religion's position   + + + +   +    + +     + +   + + +    +   13
Death                          
Don't like to think/talk about death or organ donation + +   + + + +   + + + +   + + +   +     + + + 17
Talking about death or organ donation tempts fate     +   +    +   +      +   +      + + 8
Organ donation transforms the concept of death   +        +     +      +      + + 6
Altruism                          
Organ donation helps those in need + + +   +   + + + + + + + + + + + + + + +    + 20
Organ donation helps the broader community    +      +   +    + +     +        6
Indirect reciprocity    + +          +      +    +     5
Social/cultural isolation   +     +            +         3
Personal relevance                          
Don't consider donation until its personally relevant + +    + +     +     +   +   +       + 9
Beliefs change as donation becomes personally relevant +   +    +   +   + +   +            + 8
The body                          
Organ donation dehumanizes the body + + +   +   + +   +    +    + + +   + +     13
Ownership over body +          +   +      +    + + +    7
Some organs have special significance     + +      +   +    +      + + +    8
Personality contamination     +       +     +     +   +   +    6
Utilitarian view of the body    +   +    +   +    +      +   + + +   + 10
   Body holds little intrinsic importance after death    +   +    +      +      +    +    + 7
   Wasteful not to donate      +              +   +      3
   Body is a 'machine'           +   + +         + +    5
The family                          
Family attitude towards donation + +   +   + + +   + +     + +   +       + 12
Minimize family stress   +       +   +    + +       + +     7
The medical profession                          
Organs obtained unethically + + + + + + +   + +    + + + + + + + + +     18
   Organs removed before death + +      +       + + +    +   + +     9
   Life-saving medical care withheld   + + + + + +   + +    +    + + + +       13
   Exceed terms of consent     +   +            + +    +     5
Doctors make mistakes    + +    +   +     +     + +    +     8
   Brain death     +    +   +     +     + +    +     7
   Routine medical errors    +                +        2
Life needlessly prolonged to obtain organs       +                +     2
Doctors push boundaries of nature                   +    + + +   4
Unethical or prejudicial organ allocation   + +    + +    +    +      + +   +   +   10
Organs used for unintended purposes        +   +   +   +    +   +    +     7
   Illicit trading        +   +   +   +    +   +        6
   Unauthorized experiments                      +     1
Health system constraints     +     +   +              +   4
Unaware of registration process       +    +      + + +          5
Perceived lack of donation knowledge +   + +   +   + +   +        +   +    +   10
The transplant recipients                          
Donated organ may be defective +        +   +    +    +   +   + + +   + 10
Recipients 'waiting' for someone to die              +             1
Organ allocation should be restricted to:   + + +   +     + +    + + +   +     +   + 12
   Specific populations   + +        + +    +            5
   'Deserving' recipients   +   +       +         +        4
   Family or friends    + +   +     +     + + +       +   + 9
  1. Numbers correspond to the studies summarized in Table 1.