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Table 6 Logistic regression analysis of socio-demographic factors associated with thinness among primary school children in Lahore, Pakistan (n = 1860)

From: Prevalence and socio-demographic correlates of stunting and thinness among Pakistani primary school children

Characteristics Crude OR (95% CI) P Value Adjusted OR (95% CI) P Value
Gender     
   Boys 1.01 (0.74-1.36) 0.969 1.04 (0.75-1.45) 0.805
   Girls Reference   Reference  
Age     
   5-6 years (60-83 months) Reference   Reference  
   7-8 years (84-107 months) 0.70 (0.47-1.05) 0.085 0.78 (0.52-1.18) 0.247
   9-10 years (108-131 months) 0.77 (0.52-1.16) 0.216 0.93 (0.61-1.41) 0.727
   11-12 years (132-155 months) 1.62 (1.01-2.61) 0.048 1.61 (0.95-2.72) 0.078
Area and socioeconomic status (SES)     
   Urban, high SES Reference   Reference  
   Urban, middle SES 1.47 (0.85-2.54) 0.170 1.34 (0.73-2.47) 0.350
   Urban, low SES 3.12 (1.91-5.12) < 0.001 2.28 (1.21-4.30) 0.011
   Rural, low/disadvantaged SES 3.24 (1.98-5.30) < 0.001 1.73 (0.79-3.77) 0.171
Neighborhood income     
   Low 3.16 (1.80-5.55) < 0.001 1.29 (0.62-2.65) 0.498
   Middle 1.83 (1.03-3.22) 0.038 1.21 (0.63-2.30) 0.568
   High Reference   Reference  
Parental education     
   Illiterate 3.00 (1.84-4.89) < 0.001 1.65 (0.86-3.19) 0.135
   High school 2.47 (1.53-3.97) < 0.001 1.52 (0.87-2.67) 0.141
   College 1.53 (0.93-2.53) 0.095 1.35 (0.81-2.26) 0.250
   Higher education Reference   Reference  
Number of siblings     
   No Reference   Reference  
   1-3 1.09 (0.25-4.70) 0.907 0.86 (0.19-3.89) 0.846
   > 3 1.69 (0.39-7.26) 0.480 0.90 (0.20-4.17) 0.896
Number of persons in child's living room     
   No Reference   Reference  
   1-3 3.89 (1.21-12.54) 0.023 2.87 (0.87-9.39) 0.082
   > 3 4.97 (1.55-15.86) 0.007 2.69 (0.81-8.92) 0.105