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Table 2 Socio-demographic correlates of stunting and thinness among primary school children in Lahore, Pakistan

From: Prevalence and socio-demographic correlates of stunting and thinness among Pakistani primary school children

 

Total Sample (n = 1860)

Stunted < -2 SD height-for-age (n = 152)

Thin < -2 SD BMI-for-age (n = 188)

Characteristics

n (%)

n (%)

P value

n (%)

P value

Gender

     

   Male

977 (52.5)

84 (8.6)

0.481

99 (10.1)

0.969

   Female

883 (47.5)

68 (7.7)

 

89 (10.1)

 

Age

     

   5-6 years (60-83 months)

460 (24.7)

19 (4.1)

< 0.001

52 (11.3)

0.003

   7-8 years (84-107 months)

634 (34.1)

40 (6.3)

 

52 (8.2)

 

   9-10 years (108-131 months)

579 (31.1)

58 (10.0)

 

52 (9.0)

 

   11-12 years (132-155 months)

187 (10.1)

35 (18.7)

 

32 (17.1)

 

Area and socioeconomic status (SES)

     

   Urban, high SES

465 (25.0)

13 (2.8)

< 0.001

23 (4.9)

< 0.001

   Urban, middle SES

465 (25.0)

11 (2.4)

 

33 (7.1)

 

   Urban, low SES

465 (25.0)

47 (10.1)

 

65 (14.0)

 

   Rural, low/disadvantaged SES

465 (25.0)

81 (17.4)

 

67 (14.4)

 

Neighborhood income

     

   Low

651 (35.0)

109 (16.7)

< 0.001

93 (14.3)

< 0.001

   Middle

910 (48.9)

37 (4.1)

 

80 (8.8)

 

   High

299 (16.1)

06 (2.0)

 

15 (5.0)

 

Parental education

     

   Illiterate

366 (19.7)

51 (13.9)

< 0.001

55 (15.0)

< 0.001

   High school

496 (26.7)

60 (12.1)

 

63 (12.7)

 

   College

531 (28.5)

20 (3.8)

 

44 (8.3)

 

   Higher education

467 (25.1)

21 (4.5)

 

26 (5.6)

 

Number of siblings

     

   No

26 (1.4)

01 (3.8)

< 0.001

02 (7.7)

0.016

   1-3

1008 (54.2)

51 (5.1)

 

84 (8.3)

 

   > 3

826 (44.4)

100 (12.1)

 

102 (12.3)

 

Number of persons in child's living room

     

   No

116 (6.2)

01 (0.9)

< 0.001

03 (2.6)

0.006

   1-3

791 (42.5)

50 (6.3)

 

74 (9.4)

 

   > 3

953 (51.2)

101 (10.6)

 

111 (11.6)

 

Smoking in living place

     

   Yes

546 (29.4)

65 (11.9)

< 0.001

56 (10.3)

0.891

   No

1314 (70.6)

87 (6.6)

 

132 (10.0)