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Table 2 Socio-demographic correlates of stunting and thinness among primary school children in Lahore, Pakistan

From: Prevalence and socio-demographic correlates of stunting and thinness among Pakistani primary school children

  Total Sample (n = 1860) Stunted < -2 SD height-for-age (n = 152) Thin < -2 SD BMI-for-age (n = 188)
Characteristics n (%) n (%) P value n (%) P value
Gender      
   Male 977 (52.5) 84 (8.6) 0.481 99 (10.1) 0.969
   Female 883 (47.5) 68 (7.7)   89 (10.1)  
Age      
   5-6 years (60-83 months) 460 (24.7) 19 (4.1) < 0.001 52 (11.3) 0.003
   7-8 years (84-107 months) 634 (34.1) 40 (6.3)   52 (8.2)  
   9-10 years (108-131 months) 579 (31.1) 58 (10.0)   52 (9.0)  
   11-12 years (132-155 months) 187 (10.1) 35 (18.7)   32 (17.1)  
Area and socioeconomic status (SES)      
   Urban, high SES 465 (25.0) 13 (2.8) < 0.001 23 (4.9) < 0.001
   Urban, middle SES 465 (25.0) 11 (2.4)   33 (7.1)  
   Urban, low SES 465 (25.0) 47 (10.1)   65 (14.0)  
   Rural, low/disadvantaged SES 465 (25.0) 81 (17.4)   67 (14.4)  
Neighborhood income      
   Low 651 (35.0) 109 (16.7) < 0.001 93 (14.3) < 0.001
   Middle 910 (48.9) 37 (4.1)   80 (8.8)  
   High 299 (16.1) 06 (2.0)   15 (5.0)  
Parental education      
   Illiterate 366 (19.7) 51 (13.9) < 0.001 55 (15.0) < 0.001
   High school 496 (26.7) 60 (12.1)   63 (12.7)  
   College 531 (28.5) 20 (3.8)   44 (8.3)  
   Higher education 467 (25.1) 21 (4.5)   26 (5.6)  
Number of siblings      
   No 26 (1.4) 01 (3.8) < 0.001 02 (7.7) 0.016
   1-3 1008 (54.2) 51 (5.1)   84 (8.3)  
   > 3 826 (44.4) 100 (12.1)   102 (12.3)  
Number of persons in child's living room      
   No 116 (6.2) 01 (0.9) < 0.001 03 (2.6) 0.006
   1-3 791 (42.5) 50 (6.3)   74 (9.4)  
   > 3 953 (51.2) 101 (10.6)   111 (11.6)  
Smoking in living place      
   Yes 546 (29.4) 65 (11.9) < 0.001 56 (10.3) 0.891
   No 1314 (70.6) 87 (6.6)   132 (10.0)