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Table 1 The characteristics of the patients and its relationship with self-treatment

From: Factor analysis of self-treatment in diabetes mellitus: a cross-sectional study

   N % Self-
treatment
Score
Mean
Rank
P value Covariant
        Age Education
Gender Female 273 68.5 46.8 ± 8.6 214.5 0.0001* F = 3.38 F = 0.974
  Male 125 31.5 43.7 ± 8.9 170.4   p = 0.066 p = 0.324
Treatment Insulin 129 32.4 46.7 ± 8.4 208.16 0.2   
  Oral pills 269 67.6 45.4 ± 8.9 192.43    
Kind of referring Inpatient 198 49.7 46.5 ± 8.7 210.03 0.099   
  Outpatient 200 50.3 45.1 ± 8.9 190.97    
Education Illiterate 174 43.7 47.1 ± 8.4 217.53 0.014* F = 0.172  
  Under diploma 176 44.3 44.9 ± 9.2 183.55   p = 0.678  
  Diploma & higher 48 12 44.7 ± 8.6 183.7    
Renal problems Θ Yes 82 20.8 45.4 ± 9.3 194.22 0.578   
  No 316 79.2 45.9 ± 8.7 202.15    
Hyperlipidemia ¥ Yes 110 27.6 47.4 ± 8.8 220.18 0.035* F = 1.48 F = 3.15
  No 288 72.4 45.2 ± 8.7 192.94   p = 0.224 p = 0.076
Cardiac disease ¶ Yes 133 33.4 47 ± 8.6 217.25 0.04* F = 1.06 F = 3.09
  No 265 66.6 45.2 ± 8.9 192.06   p = 0.3 p = 0.08
Hypertension δ Yes 190 47.7 47.1 ± 9.1 216.9 0.007* F = 0.57 F = 2.5
  No 208 52.3 44.6 ± 8.5 185.52   p = 0.45 p = 0.116
  1. *Significant relationship
  2. Θ Glumerular Filtration Rate less than 60 mL/min/1.73m2
  3. ¥ Cholestrol more than 200 mg/dL
  4. ¶ The symptoms of angina pectoris according to physician diagnosis
  5. δ Sistolic blood pressure above 140 mmHg or diastolic pressure above 90 mmHg