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Table 3 Odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals from multivariate modelsa looking at factors associated with being in the top 25% for all plasma carotenoid concentrations

From: Plasma carotenoids are associated with socioeconomic status in an urban Indigenous population: an observational study

Variables High concentrations for all carotenoids
Age group (yrs)  
   15-24 1.00
   25-34 1.35 (0.47, 3.84)
   35-44 1.34 (0.45, 4.00)
   45-54 1.98 (0.65, 6.02)
   55-64 0.39 (0.04, 3.75)
   65+ 3.77 (0.55, 25.96)
Sex  
   Male 1.00
   Female 2.98 (1.24, 7.17)
SES quintile  
   1 1.00
   2 1.93 (0.35, 10.73)
   3 2.16 (0.44, 10.47)
   4 2.39 (0.45, 12.69)
   5 5.58 (1.12, 27.74)
p-trend 0.014
Poor or fair health 1.00
Good or better health 0.62 (0.27, 1.46)
Normal cholesterol 1.00
Hypercholesterolaemia 2.31 (1.14, 4.68)
No dyslipidaemia 1.00
Dyslipidaemia 0.57 (0.26, 1.22)
Glucose tolerance  
   Normal 1.00
   Abnormalb 0.08 (0.01, 0.64)
   Diabetic 0.29 (0.08, 1.02)
Waist to hip ratio  
   Non-obese 1.00
   Obese 1.29 (0.54, 3.06)
Body mass index  
   Underweight 1.17 (0.34, 4.06)
   Normal 1.00
   Overweight 1.32 (0.56, 3.12)
   Obese 0.70 (0.27, 1.83)
Non-smoker 1.00
Current smoker 0.50 (0.24, 1.06)
Non-alcohol consumer 1.00
Alcohol consumer 1.31 (0.57, 3.00)
  1. a The models included only those variables shown in the table.
  2. b Impaired glucose tolerance and impaired fasting glucose combined.