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Table 2 Characteristics of the 15 studies on knowledge on sexually transmitted diseases among school-attending adolescents in Europe

From: Awareness and knowledge of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) among school-going adolescents in Europe: a systematic review of published literature

Reference Study region, country Year of study conduct Survey instrument Reported outcome(s) measured Age of participants No. of participants Gender Recruitment of pupils Response rate
Fogarty [36] Galway, Ireland Not available Classroom-completed questionnaire Knowledge about AIDS 15-18 years 2614 leaving certificate pupils Male/female All 50 Galway second-level schools Not available
Andersson-Ellström et al. [37] Not specified, Sweden 1986 and 1988 Classroom-completed questionnaire Knowledge of and attitudes towards STDs 18-19 years 1986: 350 1988: 603 upper secondary school pupils Male/female Not clear how many schools participated 100%
Tyden et al. [38] Uppsala, Sweden 1988 Classroom-completed questionnaire Knowledge of STDs and attitudes to condom 16-19 years 209 year 1 of upper secondary school pupils Male/female 5 of 6 upper secondary schools 98%
Lunin et al. [39] St. Petersburg, Russia 1993 Classroom-completed questionnaire Knowledge, attitudes and behaviour relevant to AIDS prevention 14-17 years 370 year 10 pupils Male/female 14 randomly selected schools 94%
Andersson-Ellström et al. [40] Karlstad, Sweden 1989-1990 Questionnaire completed at clinic Relationship between knowledge about STD, sexual behaviour, contraceptive use, STD protection and social class 16-18 years 88 year 1 of upper secondary school pupils Female Not clear how many schools participated 58%
Eriksson et al.[41]* Not specified, Sweden 1994 Classroom-completed questionnaire Knowledge on HIV/AIDS and sources of information 14-16 years 146 year 9 pupils Male/female 1 school 100%
Garside et al. [42]** Devon, England 1999-2000 Classroom-completed questionnaire Knowledge and attitudes towards STDs, their detection and treatment 13-16 years 432 year 9 and 11 pupils Male/female 1 school Not reported
Goodwin et al. [43]1 St. Petersburg, Russia; 2000 Face-face interview in school Knowledge on HIV/AIDS, sexual behaviour Mean age 15.6 years 50 school pupils Male/female Not clear how many schools participated Not clear
Goodwin et al. [43]2 St. Petersburg, Russia; Tblisi, Georgia; Kiev, Ukraine Not available Face-face interview in school and classroom-completed questionnaire Knowledge on HIV/AIDS, sexual behaviour 14-17 years 102 school pupils Male/female Not clear how many schools participated Not clear
Macek et al. [44] Nova Gradiska/Zagreb, Croatia Not available Classroom-completed questionnaire Knowledge on HIV/AIDS, attitudes towards integration of HIV-positive pupils into regular schools Not available 108 year 7 and 8 pupils Male/female 2 schools Not reported
Woodhall et al.[45]*** Tampere, Finland 2005 Home-completed questionnaire Knowledge of and attitudes towards STDs, esp. HPV 14-15 years 397 year 9 pupils Male/female All households in Tampere with adolescents born in 1990 and in year 9 contacted 21.5%
Gottvall et al. [46] Not specific, Sweden 2008 Classroom-completed questionnaire Knowledge of and attitudes towards HPV vaccination and condom use 15-16 years 608 year 1 of upper secondary school pupils Male/female 7 schools 86%
Höglund et al. [47] Uppsala, Sweden Not available Classroom-completed questionnaire Knowledge of and attitudes to STDs, focus on HPV 15-20 years 459 year 1 of upper secondary school pupils Male/female 5 schools 98%
Pelucchi et al.[48]*** Milan area and Varese, Italy 2008 Home-completed questionnaire Knowledge of HPV, prevention, and attitudes towards vaccination 14-20 years 863 high school pupils Male/female 8 schools 79%
Sachsenweger et al.[49]# Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Germany 2005 Classroom-completed questionnaire Knowledge on HIV/AIDS 11-18 years 769 year 7-9 pupils Male/female Not clear how many schools participated Not available
  1. * Other part of study conducted in Kenya. Only Swedish part reported on and included in this review
  2. ** Focus group discussions also held with local teenagers. Only details pertaining to questionnaire survey reported on and included in this review
  3. 1,2 Publication reported on two separate studies. In both school children were compared to shelter children. Only details pertaining to school children are reported on and included in this review
  4. *** Questionnaires also sent to parents. Only details pertaining to adolescents reported on and included in this review
  5. #Publication in German