Skip to main content

Table 2 Correlations of changes of possible determinants with changes in Under-five mortality in Uganda by region 1995-2000

From: Why the increase in under five mortality in Uganda from 1995 to 2000? A retrospective analysis

Determinant/Region Rate or proportion in 1995 Rate or proportion in 2000 Effect of change on U5MR Pearson correlation coefficient (r) and (p-value)
Percent of population living below poverty line
Central 46 28 Decrease  
Eastern 63 58 Decrease  
Northern 73.4 57.4 Decrease  
Western 49.2 34.2 Decrease -0.51 (0.49)
Uganda 56 38 Decrease  
Percent of urban population
Central 35.1 36 Decrease  
Eastern 9.3 10.3 Decrease  
Northern 7.0 6.7 Increase  
Western 5.4 4.7 Increase -0.88 (0.12)
Uganda 14.9 16.7 Decrease  
Percent of women who have never attended school
Central 20.5 19.4 Decrease  
Eastern 34.9 23.3 Decrease  
Northern 52.0 39.4 Decrease  
Western 39.2 30.9 Decrease 0.22 (0.78)
Uganda 35.6 26.5 Decrease  
Percent of children malnourished (< 2SD weight for height)
Central 3.5 3.6 Increase  
Eastern 6.6 4.3 Decrease  
Northern 4.2 3.8 Decrease  
Western 4.1 4.3 Increase 0.71 (0.29)
Uganda 5.3 4.0 Decrease  
Percent of children > 9 months who received measles immunisation
Central 65.8 50.9 Increase  
Eastern 48 53.1 Decrease  
Northern 51.5 57.9 Decrease  
Western 72 66.9 Increase -0.38 (0.62)
Uganda 59.6 56.8 Decrease  
Percent of pregnant women who delivered under medical supervision
Central 59.9 58.8 Increase  
Eastern 41.3 40.2 Increase  
Northern 22.6 26.8 Decrease  
Western 24.1 23.1 Increase -0.33 (0.67)
Uganda 37.8 38.2 Decrease  
Percent of children with cough and rapid breathing in previous 2 weeks
Central 21.4 19.4 Decrease  
Eastern 23.0 23.3 Increase  
Northern 30.8 23.1 Decrease  
Western 33.7 24.6 Decrease -0.70 (0.30)
Uganda 27.1 22.5 Decrease  
Percent of children with reported fever in previous 2 weeks
Central 39.3 37.9 Decrease  
Eastern 58.8 54.1 Decrease  
Northern 58.2 50.4 Decrease  
Western 32.6 33.8 Increase 0.90 (0.10)
Uganda 46.3 43.9 Decrease  
Percent of children with diarrhoea in previous 2 weeks
Central 16.3 14.5 Decrease  
Eastern 26.2 23.3 Decrease  
Northern 34.3 26.7 Decrease  
Western 20.0 16 0 Decrease -0.56 (0.44)
Uganda 23.5 19.6 Decrease  
Median number of months since previous birth for mothers
Central 28.7 28.7 No change  
Eastern 28.6 28.3 Decrease  
Northern 31.8 31.8 No change  
Western 29.3 29.4 Increase 0.71 (0.29)
Uganda 29.3 29.2 Decrease  
Adolescent pregnancy (percent of mothers who began child bearing at 15-19 years)
Central 42.7 31.2 Decrease  
Eastern 51.1 36.5 Decrease  
Northern 41.4 34.3 Decrease  
Western 37.2 24.3 Decrease -0.63 (0.37)
Uganda 42.9 31.4 Decrease  
Percent of women who received anti-malarial during Antenatal care (ANC)
Central 34.9 39.7 Decrease  
Eastern 39.4 39.2 Decrease  
Northern 31.4 30.4 Decrease  
Western 23.4 23.0 Increase -0.17 (0.83)
Uganda 34.6 33.8 Decrease  
Percent of pregnant women attending ANC who are HIV positive
Central 20.2 10.7 Decrease  
Eastern 12.5 4.7 Decrease  
Northern 16.3 11.3 Decrease  
Western 16.6 10.0 Decrease 0.42 (0.58)
Uganda 15.6 7.5 Decrease  
  1. Correlations are for changes in four regions (Central, Eastern, Northern, and Western) but not Uganda.