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Table 4 Contributions of socio-demographic characteristics to the variance in the ASQ scores in European adolescents

From: Reliability and validity of the Adolescent Stress Questionnaire in a sample of European adolescents - the HELENA study

  HLMa parameters
  Intercept Sexb Pubertal stagec Age SES
ASQ scale Estimate P B P B P B P B P
Home life 35.53 < 0.001 -3.46 < 0.001 -2.45 0.004 -0.23 0.442 -0.19 0.343
School performance 22.09 < 0.001 -1.95 < 0.001 -0.20 0.700 -0.06 0.763 -0.14 0.280
School attendance 8.25 < 0.001 -0.16 0.414 -0.21 0.401 -0.04 0.633 -0.10 0.115
Romantic relationships 12.00 < 0.001 -0.97 0.002 -0.89 0.029 0.00 0.997 0.03 0.786
Peer pressure 26.00 < 0.001 -2.34 < 0.001 -1.05 0.037 -0.56 0.002 -0.23 0.072
Teacher interaction 26.78 < 0.001 -0.17 0.657 -1.16 0.019 -0.64 < 0.001 -0.28 0.022
Future uncertainty 6.28 < 0.001 -0.98 < 0.001 -0.17 0.486 0.16 0.073 -0.06 0.366
School/leisure conflict 16.50 < 0.001 -1.17 < 0.001 0.16 0.708 -0.11 0.469 -0.06 0.569
Financial pressure 6.76 < 0.001 -0.35 0.149 -0.44 0.136 0.21 0.054 -0.25 0.001
Emerging adult responsibility 8.38 < 0.001 -0.06 0.744 -0.45 0.042 -0.13 0.097 -0.09 0.112
Summary score 182.63 < 0.001 -11.92 < 0.001 -8.30 0.021 -2.89 0.026 0.17 0.851
  1. ASQ: Adolescent Stress Questionnaire; HLM: Hierarchical Linear Models; B: regression coefficient
  2. a Hierarchical Linear Models with 'city' as subject group variable
  3. b Reference category is girls
  4. c Reference category: pubertal stage V