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Table 1 Characteristics of Study Populations

From: Program for expectant and new mothers: a population-based study of participation

  All Women Giving Birth
(N = 56560)
Women Giving Birth who received IA
(N = 8183)
Variable All (%) PB (%) CSP (%) All (%) PB (%) CSP (%)
Teen mother 8.6 16.7 11.2 19.4 18.6 20.9
Parity 0 39.0 36.7 52.1 26.4 26.9 33.9
Parity 1 31.6 24.5 25.8 26.9 26.5 24.2
Parity 2 15.5 16.5 11.8 19.9 19.7 16.3
Parity 3 13.9 22.3 10.4 26.9 26.9 25.6
adequate PNC 28.2 22.0 34.0 18.2 20.5 24.0
urban 55.0 50.8 54.9 68.3 72.6 76.3
north 11.4 16.7 3.2 12.6 9.4 5.7
Mid/south 33.6 32.5 41.9 19.1 18.1 17.9
Mean SES (high value = low SES) 0.33 1.00 0.30 1.00 1.03 0.97
on IA during pg 14.6 36.3 27.4 100 100 100
married 69.6 36.2 65.6 21.8 15.4 21.5
high school 61.0 42.8 69.1 27.8 29.6 30.9
Depressive symptoms 9.8 11.9 16.5 30.3 28.6 24.2
  1. PB = prenatal benefit receipt
  2. CSP = community support program participation
  3. PNC = Prenatal Care
  4. SES = Socioeconomic status. Composite measure based on area-level education, employment, family structure and income.
  5. IA = income assistance.