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Table 1 Cross sectional associations of housing tenure and main variables in the analyses at the baseline and last phases of the Whitehall II study

From: The effect of housing on the mental health of older people: the impact of lifetime housing history in Whitehall II

  Housing tenure Difficulty paying bills Problems with house
Phase 1 (1985-88) Owner-occupier Rented housing Slight/no difficulty Some/great difficulty Slight/no problems Some/great problems
  Mean or % N Mean or % N Mean or % N Mean or % N Mean or % N Mean or % N
% men 70.6% 8998 40.8% 1228 67.1% 6003 68.8% 1649 68.0% 5629 66.2% 2025
GHQ 55.05 8986 55.43 1220 54.34 6002 57.70 1648 53.99 5628 58.06 2024
Age 44.28 8998 45.62 1228 44.70 6003 43.91 1649 44.80 5629 43.80 2025
% low grade 16.4% 8998 67.3% 1228 22.2% 6003 29.0% 1649 23.0% 5629 25.3% 2025
% in rented housing 0.0% 8998 100.0% 1228 11.0% 5969 15.5% 1636 9.7% 5594 18.1% 2014
% some to great difficulty paying bills 20.7% 6697 27.9% 908 0.0% 6003 100.0% 1649 15.3% 5622 38.9% 2025
% with some to great housing problems 24.6% 6701 40.2% 907 20.6% 5999 47.8% 1648 0.0% 5629 100.0% 2025
% retired 0.0% 8998 0.0% 1228 0.0% 6003 0.0% 1649 0.0% 5629 0.0% 2025
% without cohabiting partner 21.4% 8967 56.9% 1223 25.7% 5983 24.9% 1633 23.4% 5606 31.2% 2011
Phase 9 (2008-09) Owner-occupier Rented housing Slight/no difficulty Some/great difficulty Slight/no problems Some/great problems
  Mean or % N Mean or % N Mean or % N Mean or % N Mean or % N Mean or % N
% men 71.8% 6270 52.1% 284 71.8% 6144 57.0% 407 71.6% 5771 65.3% 1023
GHQ 51.98 6267 55.48 284 51.67 6142 59.64 407 51.22 5351 56.68 915
Age 65.92 6270 66.37 284 65.97 6144 65.27 407 66.12 5415 65.45 935
% low grade 8.3% 2380 37.6% 117 8.4% 2333 26.1% 161 8.6% 2014 13.9% 359
% in rented housing 0.0% 6270 100.0% 284 3.7% 6103 13.8% 400 3.5% 5308 8.0% 900
% some to great difficulty paying bills 5.5% 6223 19.6% 280 0.0% 6144 100.0% 407 4.6% 5306 13.7% 901
% with some to great housing problems 13.9% 5949 27.8% 259 13.3% 5842 33.7% 365 0.0% 5771 100.0% 1023
% retired 68.4% 6007 68.7% 262 68.9% 5884 59.8% 378 69.0% 5202 67.5% 874
% without cohabiting partner 22.8% 6186 61.8% 272 23.7% 6055 37.4% 398 22.6% 5343 34.0% 912