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Table 1 Baseline characteristics (2001) according to country of birth

From: A registry-based follow-up study, comparing the incidence of cardiovascular disease in native Danes and immigrants born in Turkey, Pakistan and the former Yugoslavia: do social inequalities play a role?

  Denmark (n = 1 811 366) Turkey (n = 13 379) Former Yugoslavia (n = 6 936) Pakistan (n = 6 026)
  Men Women Men   Women   Men   Women   Men   Women  
  48.1% 51.9% 51.1%*** 48.9%*** 51.6%*** 48.4%*** 55.8%*** 44.2%***
Age in years               
Mean 52.2 54.8 43.3*** 42.6*** 46.6*** 47.5*** 46.5*** 44.6***
Marital status               
Partner 61.2% 54.8% 89.8%*** 86.3%*** 75.8%*** 68.5%*** 89.5%*** 86.6%***
Single 38.8% 45.2% 10.2%   13.7%   24.2%   31.5%   10.5%   13.4%  
Duration of residence (years)               
> 20    61.1%   50.2%   59.0%   59.5%   65.6%   57.3%  
5-20    38.9%   49.8%   41.0%   40.5%   34.4%   42.7%  
Income (EUR)               
Mean 21 155 19 509 11 648*** 11 115*** 14 068*** 13 055*** 10 773*** 10 427***
Employment               
Employed 67.1% 55.6% 59.7%*** 39.4%*** 57.7%*** 43.3%*** 60.2%*** 29.4%***
Out of work 11.1% 14.3% 29.3%   53.1%   30.1%   44.7%   27.9%   64.4%  
Pensioners 21.8% 30.1% 10.9%   7.4%   12.1%   11.9%   11.9%   6.2%  
Missing 0.0% 0.0% 0.1%   0.1%   0.1%   0.1%   0.0%   0.0%  
Housing conditions               
Self-owned 3.2% 57.5% 11.7%*** 10.2%*** 22.3%*** 21.9%*** 22.8%*** 20.0%***
Rental-occupied 35.6% 41.7% 86.9%   89.4%   76.1%   77.2%   75.6%   79.5%  
Missing 1.2% 0.8% 1.4%   0.4%   1.6%   0.9%   1.6%   0.5%  
AMI a               
Incident casesc 19 233 12 832 125   31   42   20   90   28  
Person-years 4 124 597 4 500 544 35 101   30 548   17 191   16 515   15 426   12 910  
CVD b               
Incident casesc 64 558 60 390 333   173   161   129   199   102  
Person-years 3 833 377 4 243 450 33 390   29 211   16 186   15 578   14 371   12 378  
  1. Chi-square test or wilcoxon test (reference group: native Danish women and men) *** P-value < 0.0001
  2. a: Individuals with previous history of AMI between 1997 and 2000 were excluded
  3. b: Individuals with previous history of CVD between 1997 and 2000 were excluded
  4. c: Including fatal and non-fatal cases